o 3 APii? }
A Registered Charity No. 219585
PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY
AT ITS HOUSE,
39 CHRISTCHURCH ROAD,
BOURNEMOUTH BH1 3NS.
Back numbers of some previous editions of the Proceedings can be
purchased from the Secretary, price £1.00 each.
A set of back numbers may be consulted in the Society's Reference
Library or individual Volumes borrowed from the Lending Library
on application to the Librarian.
The Society was founded in 1903 for the promotion of
the study of Science in all its branches by means of
Lectures, Field Meetings, the Reading and Discussion of
Papers and in any way that the Council of the Society
shall deem desi rable .
An elected Council is charged with the responsibility
o f managing its affairs in accordance with the rules.
The Society is a registered Charity No. 219585.
Sections at present included are: Archaeology and
History, Astronomy, Botany, Geography, Geology,
Horticulture, Physics and Chemistry, Photography and
Zoology (Entomology, Mammalia and Ornithology).
The Society has its own premises at 39, Christchurch
Road, a listed building, which provides the venue for
its lectures and meetings. It houses a museum and a
library and stands in an interesting, botanical garden.
Members may borrow books from the library and there is
a reading room where works of reference may be consulted.
The museum contains many valuable collections and
A programme of activities is published quarterly and
covers most weekdays . The programme comprises lectures,
field meetings, cultural visits and social events.
Membership is open to all who are interested in the
objects of the Society and full details may be obtained
from the Secretary,
Officers and Council, 1990-91 6
Committees, 1990-91 7
List of Members, 31st October, 1990 8
Obituary Not ices 17
List of Legacies 17
by T.P. Whieldon B.Sc 18
Report of Council v . ... .24
Report of Tea and Entertainment Committee 28
Sectional Reports tor the year 1989-90:-
Archaeology and History 29
Physics and Chemistry 39
Zoology - Entomology 40
Extracts from the Entomological History of the B.N.S.S.- M.M. Brooks ... 41
Mammalia and Natural History 45
Members Day 52
Publications and Periodicals Received 54
List of Presidents 55
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OFFICERS AND COUNCIL FOR 1990-91
T.P. Whieldon B.Sc.
Miss D.M. Lowther. B.Sc.
G. Teasdili. F.M.A., F.R.S.A., F.R.N.S..
Miss K. Milner Bennetts, F.Z.S.
S.C.S. Brown. F.D.S., L.D.S.. R.C.S.
Miss R.H.D. Winter
J.G. Parkinson, F.Z.S.
Miss K. Milner Bennetts, F.Z.S.
M.P. Bentley, O.B.E., C.Eng.
Miss M.M. Brooks, Ph.C. M.R.Pharm.S.,
F.Z.S. F.R.S.H., F.R.E.S.
Mrs M.K. Parkinson
Mrs W. Chome
Miss M.W.S. Davis
Miss M. Stocker, B.A.
Mrs J. George
M.P. Bentley O.B.E., C.Eng.
CHAIRMAN OF COUNCIL:
J.G. Parkinson, F.Z.S.
Willliam H. Lee
J.G. Parkinson. F.Z.S
Miss M.W.S. Davis
PROJECTIONISTS - STILL
F. R. Watson
T.P. Whieldon, B.Sc.
M.P. Bentley, O.B.E., C.Eng.
Miss R.H.D. Winter
Mrs M.W. Saunders
Mrs S. Thomas
Mrs I. Towndrow
Miss E. Oldfield
G. Teasdili F.M.A., F.R.S.A., F.R.N.S., F.Z.S.
F. R. Watson
G. H. Wilson
ARCHAEOLOGY AND HISTORY
PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY
ZOOLOGY - ENTOMOLOGY
Miss M. Stocker, B.A.
G. Nash. MA. F.R.A.S.
Miss S. Mackintosh
Miss M.W.S. Davis
Mrs V.E.Copp, B.A., F.G.S.
Miss M. Blower
Mrs G.E. Obee
Rev. F.W. King
Miss M.M.Brooks, PhC. M.R.Pharm.S.
Miss K. Milner Bennetts. F.Z.S.
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Mrs H.M. Dickinson
A Andrew M.A.
Mrs M Arnold
Miss B.M. Ball
CHAIRMEN OF COMMITTEES
Miss E. Hayter
Mrs. K. Lawrence
BANKERS: National Westminster Bank, PLC, The Square, Bournemouth
HON. AUDITORS: A.G. Jenkinson, B.Sc, G. Sparkes M.I.E.E.
FINANCE AND GENERAL PURPOSES:
CHAIRMAN: J.G. PARKINSON, F.Z.S.
PRESIDENT, DEPUTY CHAIRMAN, HON. TREASURER, HON. SECRETARY, CHAIRMAN OF
PROGRAMME COMMITTEE, CHAIRMAN OF MUStUM COMMITTEE, HON. DEPUTY SECRETARY
HON . ASSISTANT TREASURER, HON. ASSISTANT SECRETARY , (all ex officio)
W.H. Lee, Miss K . Mi InerBennetts , W.A.H. Arnold
CHAIRMAN: Mrs. J. George
CURATOR : G. Teasdill; DEPUTY CURATOR: A. Osborn
CHAIRMEN OF SECTIONS:
R.S. George, Mrs. S. Thomas, Mrs. M. Duncan, F.W. King, H.A. Westrap
CHAIRMAN: Miss P.E. Winter
LIBRARIAN: R.E. Harwood
A. Andrew, Miss J.M. Merchant
Miss L.M. Rowe, Mrs. H. Dickinson
W.A.H. Arnold, F.R. Watson
CHAIRMAN: Miss M. Blower
Mrs. W. Chome, S. Huggins, Mrs. L.V. Nicklen, Mrs. R.C. Crane,
Miss S. Mackintosh, L.H. Shepherd, Mrs. G.E. Obee,
TEA AND ENTERTAINMENT:
CHAIRMAN: Mrs. M.K. Parkinson
Mrs. J.E. Crompton, Mrs. H.M. Dickinson, Mrs. E. Hardy. Mrs. P. Hood,
Miss C.W. Jarrold, Mrs. G.Kernon, Mrs. K. Lawrence, Mrs. J. Macdonald,
Miss W.A. Saunders, Mrs. L.Wheeler, Mrs. M. Whieldon, Mrs. D. Wood
CHAIRMAN: Mrs. L.M. Maddox
Mrs. M.W. Saunders, CHAIRMEN OF SECTIONS
LIST OF MEMBERS
Revised to 31st October 1990
* HONORARY MEMBER L LIFE MEMBER
V VICE-PRESIDENT A ASSOCIATE MEMBER
+ PAST PRESIDENT
The year of election is given before the name of each member
Unless otherwise stated all addresses are in Bournemouth.
1990 Abineri, K.W. B.Sc. 42 West Borough, Wimborne BH21 1WQ
1987 Aitken, Major R.C., B.Sc. 42 Priory View Road, BH9 3JQ
1987 Aitken, Mrs. S.A., B.A.
1963 * Allen, Miss M. 174 Holdenhurst Road, BH3 8AS
1971 Allin, Mrs. J.M. 14 Oakwood Road, Highcliffe, BH23 5NH
1986 Allin, M.E.A., L.D.S. 3 Private Road, Marsh Lane, Lymington S041 9EW
1987 Allin, Mrs. P.F.D.
1960 Alsford, Mrs J.R. 20 Church Road, Ferndown, BH22 9EU
1989 Anderson, Mrs. J.L. 24 Baronsmede, 17 Branksome Wood Road BH2 6PE
1977 Andrew, A., M.A. F7 Pine Grange, Bath Road, BH1 2PN
1978 Andrew, Miss. E. 34 Tollard Court, West Hill Road BH2 5EH
1986 Andrews, Mrs. D.L. 8 Champions Court, Henlow Drive, Dursley,
Glos. GL11 4BE
1989 Andrews, J. 20 Okeford Road, Broadstone BH18 8PA
1989 Andrews, Mrs. P.
1983 Arden, Miss K.N.J. 8 Ardmore Lodge, Ardmore Road, Poole BH14 8SA
1985 Arnold, W.A.H. 8 Cranleigh Gardens, BH6 5LE
1967 L Arnold, Mrs. M.
1989 Arnold, W.G. The Pantiles, School Lane, Thorney Hill,
Christchurch BH23 8DT
1989 Arnold, Mrs. N.E.
1986 Artless, Mrs E.J. 47B Parkwood Road, BH5 2BS
1982 Ascher, P. 110 Bure Homage, Mudeford BH23 4DR
1982 Ascher, Mrs E.R.
1975 Ash, Miss C.C. 22 Pendennis, 7 Derby Road BH1 3PU
1986 Ashbee, Miss M. 63 Saxonbury Road, BH6 5ND
1974 Ayton, D.J. 201 Kinson Road, BH10 5HB
1987 Atyeo, G.H. 31 Solent Road, BH6 4BP
1987 Atyeo, Mrs. M.A.
1989 Ayles, Mrs. N. 1 The Lawns, 60 Southbourne Road BH6 5AE
1977 Ball, Miss B.M. 25a Dingle Road, BH5 2DP
1966 L Band, Miss E«, B.A. 9 Deveron Lodge, 23 Christchurch Road, BH1 3NS
1990 Banks, Miss B.R. Pine Cottage, 1 Pine Avenue BH6 3SN
1985 Barraclough, P.K. 157 Cooden Sea Road, Bexhill on Sea TN39 4TE
1971 L Bartram, T., F.N.I.M.H. 6 Browning Avenue, BH5 INN
1978 Bateson, Miss J. 8 Meadow Crt., Leigh Common, Wimborne BH21 2BG
1982 Baxter, Miss K.C. 13 Glencoe Road, BH7 7BE
1990 Beatson, Mrs. J. 38 Granville Road BH5 2AH
1988 Behennah, F.E., C. ENG., 11 Pine Manor Road, Ashley Heath, Ringwood
FRAeS, FIMechE, FIQA, FBIS. BH24 2EZ
1963*+V Bennetts, Miss K.M., 29 Belle Vue Gardens, Belle Vue Road BH6 3BG
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1979 Benson, Mrs. R. 6 Moat Lane, Barton-on-Sea , BH25 7JG
1980 Bentley, M.P., 5 Bournewood Drive, BH4 9JP
1980 Bentley, Mrs., E.P.,A.T.D.
1986 Berington, J. Flat 2, 1 St. August ines Road, BH2 6NX
1951 L Blandford, Mrs. R.I. B18 Elizabeth Court, Grove Road, BH1 3DU
1964 x Blower, Miss M. 32 Selkirk Close, Merley, Wimborne BH21 2JP
1989 Bolton, C.M.G., M.SC, FGS. 47 Meyrick Court, St. Winifred's Rd, BH2 6PH
1990 Booth G.C., M.Sc. 23 Fairview Crescent, Broadstone BH18 9AL
1989 Bostock, Mrs. A. 6 Rowena Road, BH6 8AE
1989 Boultwood, K.S. 30 Verity Crescent, Cenford Heath, Poole,
1988 Boultwood, Mrs. 1.0. BH17 7TJ "
1989 Bowden, Mrs. M.E. B4 Pine Grange, Bath Road BH1 2PQ
1983 Boynes, R.C. 43 Keith Road, BH3 70S
1983 Boynes, Mrs. R. "
1984 Branch, J. 17 Alexandra Road, BH6 5JA
1984 Braund, Miss C.H., B.Sc. 19 William Road, BH7 7BB
1968 Brazier, Miss. M.A. 4 Cedar Avenue, BH10 7EF
1989 L Bridal, J.R. 44 Iddesleigh Road, BH3 7 HQ
1989 Brinkman, Mrs. D.J. 3 Victory Court, 33 Boscombe Spa Road BH5 IAS
1970 Brooks, J.L. 7 Milton Road, Wimborne, BH21 1 NY
1970+VL Brooks, Miss. M.M., Ph.C.
1978 Brotherton, Miss H.J., J. P. 58 Pearce Avenue, Poole, BH14 8EH
1990 Brown, Miss M. M.B.E. 37 Portman Road, Boscombe BH7 6EX
1937+V* Brown, S.C.S. ,F.D.S. 158 Harewood Avenue, BH7 7BG
(1967) R.C.S., L.D.S.
1988 Bunting,. C.A. 17 Freshwater Road, Friars Cliff,
Christchurch, BH23 4ED
1988 Bunting, Mrs. B.
1986 L Burch, Miss O.E. 10 Chatsworth Road, Poole, BH14 6QL
1990 Burt, Mrs. D.M. 12 Copper Beech Grdns, Ensbury Park BH10 SD13
1988 Burton, Mrs M. 21 Hamilton Court, Johnstone Road,
Christchurch, BH23 7NG
1930 Bury, Miss, G.J. 10 Rossley Close, Christchurch, BH23 4RR
1977 Butt, Mrs J.M. 599 Chilbridge, Hillbutts, Wimborne BH21 4DS
1989 Carlton, Miss. L., M.A. 1A Michelgrove Road, BH5 1JH
1964 Cartwright Miss D.E., M.B.E. 31 Wistaria House, Redhill Drive, BH10 6AE
1989 Cecil, Mrs. M. 9 Highfield, 112 Belle Vue Road BH6 3BH
1988 Chatterton, R.H. 93 South Western Crescent, Poole, BH14 8PP
1942 X V Chome, Mrs W. Queensmount, 19 Queens Park West Drive BH8 9 DA
1988 Chown, P. 18 Felton Road, Poole, BH14 OQS
1988 Chown, Mrs J.
1974 L Clapton, Miss D.E. 1 Alington, 25 Marlborough Road, BH4 8DE
1977 Clasby, P.S. 12 Haglane Copse, Lymington, S04 8DT
1963 L Clode, J.C. . c/o Barclays Bank PLC, 1462 Wimborne Road
1963 Clode, Mrs V.M. BH10 7AS
1990 Coast, Mrs. 0. 14 Raysclift, 58 West Cliff Road BH4 8BE
1983 Collings R, B.A., P.G.C.E. 73 Harland Road, BH6 4DW
1981 Colyer, L.E. 51 Parkwood Road, BH5 2BS
1981 Colyer, Mrs W.M.
1941 L Cooper, Mrs. E.M. B18 Elizabeth Court, Grove Road BH1 3DU
1989 Conway, J. 117 Norton Road, BH9 2QB
1989 Conway, Mrs. S.M.
1976 Copp, Mrs. V.E. B.A., F.G.S. 41 Feversham Avenue BH8 9NH
1986 Corrick, Mrs. M. 15/3 The Avenue, Poole BH13 6AD
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1987 Cou lan, Mrs A. 86 Homelake House, Station Road, Parkstone,
1986 Cowles, Mrs M.M. 16 Clowes Avenue, BH6 4ES
1990 Cox, Miss D.A.E., C.S.P. Benniston House, 49 Christchurch Road BH1 3PA
1986 Craddock, M.S., B.Sc. 7 Lytton Road, BH1 4SH
1973 Crane, Mrs R.C. 11 Dewlands Park, West Close, Verwood,
1977 Crompton, Mrs J.E. 148 Evering Avenue, Poole BH12 4JH
1982 Crooks, Miss L. 42 Belle Vue Gardens, Belle Vue Road, BH6 3BG
1975 Curtis, Mrs B. 114 Cutlers Place, Wimborne, BH21 2AZ
1975 Dain, Mrs. D. Ill Bader Road, Canford Heath, Poole, BH17 7PW
1983 Dales, F.R. E17 San Remo Towers, Sea Road BH5 1JY
1987 Davies, S. 88 Castle Road, BH9 1PN
1987 Davies, Mrs M.
1976 L Davis, Mrs B. 9 Oratory Gardens, Martello Road South, Poole,
1976 +V Davis, Miss M.W.S. 26 William Road, BH7 7BA
1987 Day R.C. 25 Parkway Drive, BH8 9JW
1967 Deacon, Miss M.G.K. 42 Belmont Road, Poole, BH14 ODB
1988 DeConinck, Mrs. B. 34 Crescent Court, Chine Crescent BH2 5LA
1975 Dickinson, Mrs H.M. 9a Moorland Road, BH1 3ST
1972 Dolamore, Mrs M. 15 Dene Walk, Ferndown, BH22 8PQ
1980 Downes, J. P. 10 Leslie Road, BH9 2JH
1970 Draper, G.S. 44 Brackendale Road, BH8 9JA
1970 Draper, Mrs O.G.
1988 Draycon, Miss E.P. 51 Talbot Road, BH9 2JB
1983 Drew, Mrs. C.M.F. 4 Bower Road, BH8 9HQ
1955 Dudley, Mrs I. 17 Widdicombe Avenue, Poole BH14 9QW
1987 Dufall, Mrs R. 32 Mallard Road, BH8 9PL
1985 Duncan, Mrs M. 3/88 Richmond Park Avenue, BH8 9DR
1985 DuPuy, Mrs G. 5 Beechwood Court, 5 Stourwood Avenue, BH6 3PN
1978 Eames, K.M., F.C.A. 152 Cranleigh Road, BH6 5JP
1978 Eames, Mrs I.L.
1974 Easterbrook L 4 The Pines, 38 The Avenue, Poole BH13 6HJ
1974 Easterbrook, Mrs. F.P.
1989 Edgley, Mrs. B. 8 Purbeck Court, Boscombe Overcliff Drive,
1984 Edwards G. 65 Alvescot Road, Carterton, Oxford 0X8 3JP
1984 Edwards, Mrs.G.
1989 Edwards, Mrs. H.A. 29 Wellington Road, Poole BH14 9LF
1979 Elgood, J.H., M.A. 26 Walkford Way, Highcliffe, BH23 5LP
1979 Elliott, Miss M. 87 The Grove, Christchurch, BH23 2HD
1990 Emerson, Miss J. 8 Haven Road, Corfe Mullen BH21 3SY
1976 Erskine, S.L . W. ,M.D . ,D .P .H . 16 Oakwood Road, Christchurch BH23 5NH
1976 Erskine, Mrs K.M.
1990 Etches, Mr S. 3 Colborne Avenue, The Vineries, Wimborne
1982 Evelyn, Mrs M. 30 Mayford Road, Poole, BH12 1PU
1960 Exton, Miss J.M. 4 Worthington Crescent, Poole, BH14 8BW
1953 L Farwell, Mrs S.M.A. Latch Farm. Fairmile, Christchurch BH23 2LB
1987 Fearon, Mrs N.M. 18 Heathwood Road, BH9 2JX
1965 Fildes, Mrs E.M. 45 Wickfield Avenue,
Christchurch, BH23 1JA
1981 Fitsgibbon, Miss M.T. 41 Homeleigh House, 52 Wellington Road,
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Foot, Miss G.M.
Fowkes, Mrs G.W.
Francis, Mrs. P.M.
Funk, M.J., M.R.C.S.
Funk, Mrs M. I . , M.R.
Galpin, Mrs H.I .
Garton, Mrs. Y.C.
George, R.S., C.Biol.
M.Biol, FLS, FRES
George, Mrs. D.E.L.
George, Mrs J.
Gibbs, F.P. ARIBA
Gilpin, R.E. A.I.A.C.
Gilpin, Mrs. L.A.
Glass, Mrs P .
Gonzalez - Nache, Mrs C.J
Gould, Mrs M.C.
Gray, Mrs, J.F., B.A.
Green, Mrs R.E.
Gregory, A., B.Sc.,ACSM
Guscott, W.J., C.Eng.,
Hack, Mrs M.M.
Hackworth, Miss J.E.C.
Halford, Miss A.
Hall, Mrs D.
Hall , Mrs H .E .
Hancock, Miss CM.
Hanna, H.J. A.
Hanna, Mrs K.A., M.A.
Hardy, Mrs E.
Harris, Mrs. C.
Harrison, Mrs W.M.
Hart, Miss M.E.A.S.
Harwood , Mrs A.M.
Hatton, R.H.S., M.A.
Hawkins, A.J., F.C. B.S.I.
Hawkins, Mrs A.J.
Hayball, Miss G.
C6 Twynham Court, Dean Park Road BH1 1JB
30 Meyrick Court, St. Winifred's Road, BH2 6PH
Flat 5, Retired Nurses Home, Riverside Avenue,
1 Delamere Gardens, Ensbury Park, BH10 6AA
40 Ocean Heights, Boscombe Cliff Road
191 Tuckton Road, BH6 3LB
75 Littledown Avenue, BH7 7MX
2 Stourbank Road, Christchurch BH23 1LM
54 Richmond Park Avenue BH8 9DR
5 Willow Park, Park Road, Poole BH14 OJP
ii ii n
50 Vallis Close, Fisherman's Wharf, Poole,
29 Keswick Road BH5 1LR
6 Horseshoe Court, Dean Park Road BH1 1HU
34 Bridport Road, Poole, BH12 4BY
24 Hazel Drive, Ferndown BH22 9SW
11 The Boltons, Portar lington Rd BH4 8DA
34 Dudsbury Avenue, Ferndown, BH22 8DU
62 Dulsie Road, BH3 7ED
9 St.Kilda, 9 Stourwood Avenue, BH6 3PR
31 Whitecliff Road, Poole BH14 8DX
7 Wick Lane, BH6 4JT
39 Dunkeld Rd, BH3 7EW
22 Derby Road, BH1 3QA
15 Poole Road, BH2 5QR
B9 St. Catherines Court, 35 Christchurch Road,
18 Pine Avenue, BH6 3SN
Flat 1, 66 Carbery Avenue, BH6 3LG
6 Cliffe Road, Barton-on-Sea BH25 7PB
n ii H
3 Portchester Place, BH8 8JS
1 Gorsecliff Court, 5 Boscombe Spa Road
26 Firs Glen Road, West Moors, Wimborne
49 Sheldrake Road, Mudeford, BH234BP
13A Dunbar Road, BH3 7AZ
10 Blakehill Crescent, Poole BH14 8QR
ii ii ii
Pine Cottage, Lower Rowe, Holt BH21 7DZ
15 Beamish Road, Canford Heath BH17 7SQ
85 Homelake House, 36 Station Road, Parkstone
- 11 -
Hayter, Miss E.
Haywood, P.J., B.Sc.
Haywood, Mrs V.J.
Hearnshaw, Mrs A. A.
Heaton, Mrs M. I .
Henesey, Mrs. M.
Hill, Dr. V. J.D., Ph.D
Hill, Mrs. M.B.
Hilton, J., M.A.
Hi Iton, Mrs D., B.Sc.
Hi It on, Miss A.J.
Hilton, Miss M.L.,
B.Sc. , Ph.D.
Hipperson, Miss M.
Hodgetts, Mrs E.P.
Holmes, Mrs H.N.
Hood, Mrs P.
Howlett, Miss J.M.
Hull, Mrs P.F.
Hyde, Mrs. B.F.
lies, Miss. N.W.
Illingworth, Mrs J.
Jarrold, Miss C.W.
Jenkinson, A.G., B.Sc.
Jesty, Mrs H.S.
Jordan, Mrs V .M.
Kent, H.M., B.Sc.
Kent, Mrs M.
Kernon, Mrs G.L.
Kernot, Miss F.L.
King, Rev . t- . w.
King, Mrs K.A.
Knight, Miss J.
Larsson, Mrs. P.M., M.A
Laughrin, Mrs H.M.
Lawless, Mrs M.
Lawrence, Mrs K.
Lawton, Mrs F.E.
Leather, Mrs. L.G.
Lee, Mrs. L.B.
38 Edgehill Road, BH9 2PQ
74 Alyth Road, BH3 7ND
58 Beaufort Road, BH6 5AN
8 Mayfair, 74 Westcliff Road, BH4 8BG
1 Imber Drive, Highcliffe, Christchurch
, 6 Chine Grange, 8 Chine Crescent BH2 5LL
1 Weston Grange, 10 Gervis Rd BH1 3EG
6 Burley Grange, 3 Weston Drive BH1 3EH
47 Belle Vue Gardens, Belle Vue Road, BH6 3DF
19 Richmond Wood Road, BH8 9DG
C12 35 Christchurch Road, BH1 3NS
4 Chepping Dene, 15 Wimborne Road BH2 6LY
36 Springbourne Court, 130 Windham Road,
242 Iford Lane, BH6 5NF
33 Hartley Down, 60 Christchurch Road, BH1 3PJ
12 Hilton Grange, 20 Knyveton Road BH1 3QS
7 Coy Pond Road, Poole, BH12 1JT
Flat 2, 5 St. John's Road, BH5 1EQ
25 Baronsmede, 17 Branksome Wood Road, BH2 6DE
6 St. Swithuns Road South, BH1 3RQ
B35 San Remo Towers, Sea Road, BH5 US
4 Warren Edge Road, BH6 4AU
Afterthoughts, Spetisbury, Blandford DT11 9DF
18 Braidley Road, BH2 6JX
62 Canberra Road, Christchurch BH23 2HW
652 Castle Lane West, BH8 9UG
5 Edward May Court, Mount Rd, Kinson, BH11 8AW
51a Clingan Road, BH6 5PZ
7 Marchwood, Manor Road, BH1 3EY
127 The Grove, Christchurch, BH23 2EZ
8 Gordon Court, 38 Surrey Road BH4 9BY
50 Craigmoor Avenue, BH8 9LP
54 Eastcliff Way, Christchurch BH23 4EY
5 Twynham Court, Twynham Road, BH6 4AN
27 Gladstone Road West, BH1 4HZ
67 Homeways House, 10 Pine Tree Glen, BH4 9ES
7 Sycamore Close, Christchurch BH23 2EL
8 Norwich Mansions, Norwich Avenue West
18 Ravenshall, West Cliff Road, BH4 8AT
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1975 Lees, R.G. 4 Seacliff Court, Clifton Road BH6 3PB
1981 Leonard, Mrs A.C. 12 Argyle Road, Chri stchurch , BH23 3NW
1983 Le Pard, D.A., F.R.E.S. Silver Crest, Silver Street, Sway, S041 6DF
1983 Le Pard, G., B.Sc, F.R.E.S. Matchams View, Hum Road, Ringwood BH24 2BP
1985 Levick, Mrs. E.M. 25 Crescent Court, Chine Crescent, BH2 5LA
1983 Levy, D.R.H. 25 Cedar Avenue, Chri stchurch BH23 2PS
1970 Lilly, Mrs P. 78 St. Lukes Road, BH3 7LU
1975 Lister, Dr. M. , M. Sc., Ph.D. 6 Katterns Close, Christchurch BH23 2HS
1986 Loader, W.E. 28 Parkway Drive, BH8 9JW
1986 Loader, Mrs D. "
1987 Loakes, Mrs J.M. 8 Leven Close, BH4 9LF
1934*+V Lowther, Miss D.M., B.Sc. Torestin Residential home, Piers Cross,
Haverfordwest, Dyfed, Wales
1984 Luckett, Miss J. 9 Wilverley Gardens, Queens Road, Blandford,
1976 Lund, Mrs M.S. 8 William Road, BH7 7BA
1990 Lyndon, Mrs. Molly 42F Moore Avenue BH11 8BA
1988 McClumpha, M.J. 10 Devon Road, Poole, BH15 3QQ
1986 McDiarmid, L. 7A Beechwood Avenue, BH5 1LZ
1988 A McKenzie, G. 26c Crabton Close Road, BH5 1HN
1974 McMullin, Mrs E.G. B8 St. Catherines Court, 35 Christchurch Road,
1986 Macdonald, Mrs J. B.A. D5 Kings Walk, 19A Knyveton Road BH1 3QZ
1983 Mackintosh, Miss S.M. 52 Coombe Avenue, BH10 5AE
1973 Maddox, C.B.M. 31 Egerton Road, BH8 9AY
1956 * Maddox, Mrs L.M.
1978 Mann, Mrs M. 9 Endfield Close, Christchurch BH23 2HH
1990 Manning, Mrs. D.P. B.Sc. 12 Romney Road BH10 6JR
1984 Marsh, Mrs S.M. 8 Holme Road, Highcliffe, BH23 5LJ
1976 Merchant, Miss J.M. 7 Stourton Court, Marlborough Road, BH4 8DE
1989 Miles, K.E.T. Ill Station Road, West Moors Wimborne BH22 OHS
1989 Miles, Mrs. E.
1983 Mitchell, Miss J.E. 266 Holdenhurst Road, BH8 8AW
1984 Mitchell, S.F., M.I.E.E. 162 Cranleigh Road, BH6 5JD
1959 *V Mitton, J.C. 3 Gainsborough Road, BH7 7BD
1970 Mitton, Mrs M.
1987 Monk, Mrs B.E. 41 Boundary Road, BH10 4HN
1972 Moore, W.H. 13 Eldon Road, BH9 2RT
1981 Morgan, W.D. 47 Sandecotes Road, Poole, BH14 8PA
1973 Morris, T.E . Sandpit, Frogham Hill, Fordingbridge , SP6 2HW
1973 Morris, Mrs J.F.
1989 Mosley, Mrs. H. 2 Rayscliff, 58 West Cliff Road BH4 8BE
1989 Mosley, Miss K., LRAM. 4 Bolton Court, Belle Vue Road BH6 3DQ
1984 Mountain, Mrs A. 10 Elms Avenue, Lilliput, BH14 8EF
1989 Murray, A.R. 48 Rempstone Road, Merley, Wimborne BH21 1RP
1989 Murray, Mrs. E.E.
1973 Nash, G., M.A., F.R.A.S 12 St. Annes Road, Upton, Poole BH16 5PT
1990 Newitt, Mrs. Jessie 22 Venning Avenue, Bear Cross BH11 9QF
1984 Newman, Mrs E.M. C7 St. Catherines Court, 35 Christchurch Road,
1967 Nicklen, Mrs L.V. 77 Holdenhurst Avenue, BH7 6RB
1988 Norman, Miss N. B.A. 49 Christchurch Road, BH1 3PA >
1984 North, K.J. 12 Littledown Avenue, BH7 7 AN
1977 North, Mrs J.L.
1988 Norton, Mrs B.M. 15 Dewlands Park, Verwood, BH21 6DR
1977 L Norvall, Miss A.C. 23 Exton Road, BH6 5FQ
- 13 -
1982 Obee, Mrs G.E. 16 Southwick Road, BH6 5PT
1989 O'Brien, Mrs. M. Dip Arch. 7 Richmond Chambers, The Square BH2 6EE
1986 Odam, Mrs L.M. D13 San Remo Towers, Sea Road, BH5 1JT
1957 Odell, Mrs G.B. 4 Barclay Mansions, St. Valerie Road, BH2 6PF
1970 Offen, E.C. 4 Ranelagh Road, Highcliffe, Christchurch
1970 Offen, Mrs M.J. BH23 5DY
1989 Okey, K.H. 37 Pearce Avenue, Poole, BH14 8EG
1989 Olden, N.R. Abberleigh House, 46 Southwood Avenue BH6 3QB
1986 Oldfield, Miss E. 66 Keith Road, BH3 7DX
1989 Orford, Miss P.B. 3 Lords Close, Canford Heath, Poole BH17 7SW
1987 Osborn, A. 12 Stibbs Way, Bransgore, BH23 8HS
1987 Osborn, Mrs R.
1987 Page, Mrs M.R. 8 Craigmoor Close, BH8 9LU
1990 Parfitt, Miss B.D.K. 8 Haven Road, Corfe Mullen BH21 3SY
1969+VL* Parkinson, J.G., F.Z.S. 45 Belle Vue Road, BH6 3DF
1969+VL* Parkinson, Mrs M.K.
1963 L Payne, Miss H.I. 60 St Albans Avenue, BH8 9EQ
1983 Pearce, Mrs L.E. 26 Berkley Manor, 317 Poole Rd, Poole BH12 1AA
1984 Phillips, Miss M.A. 9 Derby Road, BH1 3PX
1989 Philipson, Mrs. S. 8b Bath Hill Court, Bath Road BH1 2HT
1986 Pike, Mrs L. 5 Wellesley Court, 36 Wellington Road, BH8 8JS
1983 L Pinm'ger, R.S., M.R.C.V.S. 50 Branksome Wood Road, Poole BH12 1HR
1989 Ponsford, Mrs R.E.M. 18 Seaway Avenue, Friars Cliff, Christchurch
198/ Pope, A.E., C.E., M.I.E.R.E. 33 Pine Crescent, Christchurch, BH23 4LH
1987 Preston, Prof. T.A.,M.A., 30 Russell Drive, Christchurch BH23 3PA
1989 Punter, Miss A. 33 The Grove, Christchurch BH23 2EY
1982 Pursey, Mrs R.M. 1 Stour View Court, 118 Hum Road,
Christchurch, BH23 2RP
1988 Quaife, Mrs G.L. 10 Felton Road, Poole, BH14 OQS
1989 Quarm, R. Flat 1 1 Boscombe Overcliff Drive BH5 1JB
1989 Quarm, Mrs B.
1979 Randall, Mrs C. 4 Mude Gardens, Mudeford, BH23 4AK
197b Ratcliffe, G.L., F.C.A. 11 Penrith Road, BH5 1LT
1975 Ratcliffe, Mrs M.N.
1985 Raumann, S., B.Sc. 5 Elphinstone Road, Christchurch BH23 5LL
1985 Raumann, Mrs M.S., B.A.
1984 Roberts, Miss E. F12 Pine Grange, Bath Road, BH1 2PN
1988 Roberts, M. B.Sc. 19 Lacy Drive, Wimborne, BH21 1£Y
1988 Roberts, Mrs M.E.
1977 Robins, W.O., A.R.I.C.S. 85 Petersfield Road, BH7 6QN
1979 Robins, Mrs F.V.
1963 L Rossiter, Mrs D.M. 5 Park Homer Rd, Colehill, Wimborne BH21 2SP
1970 Rowe, Miss L.M. 23 The Bluff, Headswell Crescent, BH10 6LQ
1967 Russell-Cotes Art Gallery East Cliff, Bournemouth, BH1 3AA
1975 Rust, Mrs P. 95 Holdenhurst Avenue, BH7 6RB
1990 Ruth, Mr A.B. M.A., 1 Grovely Avenue BH5 1JA
1988 Santall, Mrs P.B. 262A Windham Road, BH1 4QX
1980 Saunders, Miss B.A. Dormer Cottage, Gaunts Common, Wimborne,
1975 L Saunders, Mrs M.W. 2 Memorial Homes, Castle Lane, BH8 9TP
1954 Saunders, Miss W.A. Arnewood House Rest Home, 2 Arnewood Road
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1970 Scott, S.A. 6 The Close, Charlton Marshall, Blandtora
1985 Scott, Mrs A.E. DT11 /HA
1976 Scutter, Mrs L.M. 12 Oakwood Road, Highcliffe, BH23 5NH
1951 Sewell, Mrs I . 4 Maundeville Crescent, Chri stchurch , BH23 2EW
1988 Sharland B. 1 Fishers Heron, East Mills, Fordingbridae ,
1982 Shaw, L.A., B.Sc, 61 Haven Road, Canford Cliffs, BH13 7LH
1990 Shaw, Mrs. J.
1981 L Shepherd, L.H. 1 Coronation Avenue, BH9 1TN
1982 Shewring, Miss J., M.A. 19 William Road, BH7 7BB
198/ Ship, Miss M. 18 Cranleigh Court, Cranleigh Road BH6 5JZ
1985 Shute, Miss W. 8 Upton Way, Broadstone, BH18 9LY
1984 Simmons, Mrs P. 6 Wychwood Grange, 50 Braidley Road, BH2 6JY
1983 Simpson, E., B.A., M.Sc. 9 Glenmoor Road, BH9 2L0
1983 Simpson, Mrs Edna
1989 Singh, Ur D . , MB., DPH, 3 Villa Riva, 9 Marlborough Rd BH4 8DB
1990 Skinner, W.J. 21 To 1 lard Court, West Hill Road BH2 bEH
1989 Slater, Miss B.M. Flat 19, 6 Wimborne Road, BH2 6NG
1990 Slater, J.D. B.A. 14 Belle Vue Road, BH6 3DP
1990 Slater Mrs. A.M.
1986 Smith, J. E.G. 1 Fieldway, Highcliffe, BH23 4QU
1986 Smith, Mrs B.
1986 Smith, Mrs S. 20 Purbeck Road, BH2 bEF
1989 Smith, L., T.Eng.FBIS 3 Grove Road, Barton on Sea, New Milton
1989 Smith, Mrs J. P.
1989 Smith, R.L. 36/38 Norwich Ave. West, BH2 6AW
1975 Souter, Miss E.E. 9 Rowan Close, Highcliffe BH23 4SW
1971 Southworth, Mrs. N.K.G., M.A. 26 Durley Chine Court, West Cliff Road
1976 Sparkes, G., M.I. E.E. 68 Clingan Road, BH6 bQA
1976 Sparkes, Mrs M.
1986 Spencer, M.A. 42A Gorleston Road, Poole, BH12 1NW
1986 Spratt, S.E. 204 Uplands Road, West Moors, Wimborne,
1988 Spratt, Mrs P.M.
1984 Stanford, Mrs J.M. 11/ Wick Lane, BH6 4LD
1987 Stirling, H.C., B.Eng. 17 Greenacres, 22 The Avenue, Poole, BH13 6AJ
1989 Stirling, Miss J., M.B.E. 1/ Greenacres, 22 Ihe Avenue Poole BH13 6AJ
1976 +V Stocker, Miss M., B.A. 21 Amberley Court, Bath Road BH1 2NL
1990 Stockley, F.E. 26 Lincoln Avenue BH1 4QS
1984 Summerell, Miss B.C. 18 Sunnyhill Road, BH6 4HP
1988 Sweet, Miss A. 24 Sunnyhill Road, BH6 5HP
1988 Sweet, Miss B.
1980 L Sykes, J.R. 11 Castle Lane West, BH9 3LJ
1979 Taconis, Miss R.M. 78 The Grove, Chri stchurch , BH23 2H0
1989 Taylor, C.J. 15B Wharfdale Road, BH4 9BT
1980 Taylor, F. 38 Hillbrow Road, BH6 bNT
19/9 Taylor, Mrs. M.M.
196/ +V X Teasdill, G., F.M.A., 99 Carbery Avenue, BH6 3LP
F.R.S.A., F.R.N.S., F.Z.S.
1967 Teasdi 11, Mrs N.A.
1983 Teasdill, Mrs V. 287A Belle Vue Road, BH6 3BB
1977 Thomas, Mrs S. 106 Sopwith Crescent, Wimborne BH21 ISP
1988 Thompson, Miss A.R. Flat b, 40 Stirling Road, BH3 /JQ
1982 Tiller, B.A. bA New Road BH10 /DN
- lb -
1982 Tiller, Mrs M . 5A New Road, BH10 7DN
1988 Tcmkin, Miss N.E., B.A., 59 St. Catherine's Road, BH6 4AD
MCSP., Dip. TP.
1975 * Towndrow, Mrs I C4 St. Catherine's Court, 35 Christchurch Rd
1981 Underhill, Mrs R.A. 25 Leonard Hackett Court, St. Winifred ' s Road,
1981 L Vassie, G.J., F.R.E.S. 40 Cranleigh Gardens, BH6 5LE
1981 L Vassie, Mrs B.A.
1989 Vear, Rev F.H. 3 Glenroyd Gardens BH6 3JN
1982 Walker, Miss M.J. 18 New Road, Northbourne, BH10 7DT
1985 L Walker, Miss W.B. 16 North Craig, Windermere, Cumbria LA23 2ET
1974 x Wall, T.R. 17 St. Mary's Road, Ferndown, BH22 9HB
1987 Wallbridge, Miss E. 16 Riverside Road, BH6 5NN
1984 Waller, H.M., B.Ed. 200 Uplands Road, West Moors, BH22 OEY
1980 Warburg, Mrs A.M. 11 Katterns Close, Christchurch, BH23 2NS
1977 x Watson, F.R. 79 Brackendale Road, BH8 9HZ
1988 Webb, Mrs P. 2 Ash Grove, Ashurst, Southampton, S04 2EN
1988 Weeks, Miss B.E. 37 Howeth Road, BH10 5DY
1979 Westbrook, Mrs S. 15 Wheelers Lane, Bearwood, BH11 8RR
1989 Westrap, H.A. 14 Aldridge Road, BH10 5NW
1989 Whalley, Mrs. L. 12 Headswell Crescent BH10 6LH
1983 Whattoff, Miss E.M. 48 Belle Vue Gardens, Belle Vue Road BH6 3BG
1990 Wheat, Miss R.M. 130 Norton Road BH9 2QB
1990 Wheeler, Mrs. E. 70 Wedgwood Drive, Parkstone BH14 8EX
1970 X L Wheeler, H.P. 47 Belle Vue Road, BH6 3DD
1970 L Wheeler, Mrs L.
1982 L Whieldon, T.P., B.Sc. 10 Branders Lane, BH6 4LL
1982 L Whieldon, Mrs M.
1990 White, Miss J.S.P. 25 Surrey Road, BH4 9HW
1990 White, Miss P. 10 Dorchester Road, Maiden Newton DT2 OBA
1988 Whiteside, Mrs A. 393 Verity Crescent, Poole BH17 7TS
1989 Whitmore, Miss S.M. 48 Victoria Road, Poole BH12 3BB
1978 Whitsed, W.J., F.R.S.A. 41 Feversham Avenue, BH8 9NH
1990 Williams, M. D.M. B15 San Remo Towers, Sea Road BH5 US
1985 Williams, B.P. 76 Huntly Road, BH3 7HJ
1979 Williams, Mrs M, ....
1987 Williams, Mrs M. 39 Homeleigh House, 52 Wellington Rd BH8 8LF
1986 Willis, A.G. Chapel Farm, Little Ashby, Cumbria CA16 6QE
1990 Wilson, Mrs. A.V. 37 Cowleys Road, Burton BH23 7NB
1985 Wilson, G.H. 15 Mount Pleasant Drive, BH8 9JL
1972 x Wilson, F.W., F.C.I.S. 9 Pascoe Close, Poole, BH14 ONT
1988 Windsor, Miss A., B.A. , Dip Ed. 83 Southbourne Overcliff Drive, BH6 3NW
1976 L Winter, Mrs A.R. 9 The Squirrels, 24A The Avenue BH13 6AF
1979 x Winter, Miss P.E., M.A. 23 The Anchorage, 157 Mudeford, BH23 4 AG
1979 +V Winter, Miss R.H.D. 23 The Anchorage, 157 Mudeford, BH23 4 AG
1948 Wood, Miss E.B., B.Sc. 4 New Park Road, BH6 5AB
1971 L Wood, Mrs D.L. 6 Crofton Court, 37 Wellington Road, BH8 8JH
1985 Woodhead, Miss E.T., B.Sc. 7 Compton Lodge, 17 Marlborough Road BH4 8DD
1986 Woodhead, Mrs F.A., B.Sc. 28 Hungerford Road, BH8 6EH
1981 Woods, Mrs J.M. 6 Knole Gardens, BH1 3QY
1983 Workman, Mrs. C.N. 38A Grand Avenue BH6 3TA
1975 L Wrenn, G. 99 The Avenue, Moordown, BH9 2UX
1984 Wright, Mrs J . 8 Kimberley Road, Poole, BH14 8SQ
1967 L Wright, Mrs A.K. 24 Morrison Avenue, Poole, BH12 4 AD
1990 Zaca, Miss J. B.Sc, M.Ed. Flat 1 Bermuda Court, 11 Derby Road BH1 3PY
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It is with deep regret that we have tc announce that during the past year the
following members have died ( the figure in brackets is the year of joining
Miss M. Cox
Mr D. Siggs
Miss C. Jenkins
Mrs. A. Foster
Mrs. B.E. Hooton
BRIGADIER ARTHUR B.D. EDWARDS C.B.E., M.C.
Brigadier Edwards died peacefully on 14th August aged 92 years.
He was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1916 and was constantly in the
forefront of battle during the First World War. Between the Wars and during the
Second World War he served with distinction in the Mediterranean and France. He
retired in 1951.
Brig. Edwards joined the Society in 1965 and was an active ornithologist. He was
Chairman in 1968-69 and 1972-75 and Deputy Chairman 1969-72. He was elected Vice
President in 1975.
MRS B.E. HOOTON-SMITH
Barbara Hooton-Smith died on 27th October 1990. She joined the Society in 1961
and became a life member and Assistant Secretary, an office she held for 23
years, only resigning earlier this year due to the onset of her illness. Barbara
undertook a great many jobs for the Society and became an authority on its
traditions and procedures. She was best known as the keeper of the membership
records and the distributor of the programmes and Proceedings, a task which
brought her into contact with a great many members whom she got to know and who
recognised her as THE source of information. She was of a quiet and serious
disposition, well loved by all and she will be greatly missed and long
During the year we were most grateful to receive a legacy from the estate of:
Mrs H.M. French
- 17 -
by T.P. WH I EL DON B.Sc.
Delivered before the Society on 13th October 1990
I looked up the word SYSTEM in my domestic dictionary and I learned that it was
a noun and that it first appeared in written English J n the 17th Century. It
came into the English language from the French ' SYSTEME ' , or the late Latin
' SYSTEMA ' , and it originated from the Greek ' SUSTEMA ' from 'SUN' meaning with or
together and ' H I STAN A I ' meaning to cause to stand. So although the word SYSTEM
is of known origin, its comparatively late arrival in our language means that
there is no stamp of approval which would come from being used by William
Shakespeare, or by Chaucer, or in the authorised version translation of the Holy
Bible into English. Reading further in my domestic dictionary there are no less
than fifteen separate definitions of the word. Some of these are scientific and
- in GEOLOGY - a stratigraph ica 1 unit for rock strata formed during a period of
geological time, for example the carboniferous system.
- in MINERALOGY - one of a group of divisions into which crystals may be
- in CHEMISTRY - a sample of matter in which one or more substances or phases
exist, such as sulphur which can exist in a crystalline and amorphous state in
the same sample.
- in ASTRONOMY - a group of celestial bodies associated by natural laws, like
our own solar system.
Some other definitions are more general, such as a network of communication,
transport or distribution and such as various bodily parts or structures
anatomically or physiologically related like a nervous system or a respiratory
system. Still another definition is to do with a recreation of sorts and is a
method or complex of methods like a roulette system. Two more definitions are in
the fields of psychology and sociology and are demonstrated in phrases like "Get
it out of your system" and "It's the system!"
More to my purpose, the principal definition of the word system reads
- a group or combination of inter-related, interdependent or interacting
elements forming a collective entity; a methodical or co-ordinated assemblage of
parts, facts, concepts etc.
A further feature about this word system, and a feature not apparent from the
preceding remarks, is that the entry for the word in my domestic dictionary is
sixty one millimetres of column length or over two and a quarter inches. The
entry is longer than for many other words in the 'S' section, without counting
another fourteen words derived from the word system such as systematic and
systemic. Sixty one millimetres is more than the column length used for the word
science, though not longer than the entries for natural and science put
This obviously important word, system, might bear further examination perhaps
along the lines of how we use the word, what we mean by it, what we can learn
from our use and meaning, what other people are learning about systems and what
use is being made of ideas about systems.
Our use of the word system is widespread. It is a safe assertion that the word
is used every day in every national newspaper and on every broadcasting channel.
It is probable that each of us uses the word several times a week in thought if
not in speech or writing. Just taking the alphabet as a framework we can find a
commonly used phrase naming a type of system for almost every letter, starting
- 18 -
with Alarm and going on through Banking, Computer, Distribution, Education,
Filing, Grid, Heating, Information and so on. We use these names of systems
freely and easily to designate an object in our conversations or writings or
thoughts. By themselves, these phrases are not self-defining. They mean
something to the people in a conversation only because they know which education
system or ventilation system they are talking about. We use these short phrases
as an abbreviation, even jargon, but as long as those on the receiving end of the
communication know what the abbreviation or jargon means then the purpose of the
communication is fulfilled.
However, to explore what is meant by the word system let us look at some
What do we mean when we say "filing system"?
Most people who have worked in offices know of filing systems and most will
remember occasions when something has been filed and can't be found! Immediately,
we have begun to clarify what we mean by filing system. It is a system for
storage and for retrieval of information. The filing system of our conversation
is normally one to handle information connected with a particular Company or
Institution or Office or Society or individual, and it must permit the retrieval
of information when required within a reasonable time. Comparing this
clarification of The Filing System with our basic definition, we have the
interconnected elements of information storage in the form of the papers in the
filing cabinet, a method of storing the papers away and a method of retrieving
them. These three parts together make up our filing system and together make up
much more than the separate parts not used together. In addition, if the subject
of our conversation is not abstract, the collective entity has a limit, it has an
identifiable boundary such as the filing system for Company C, Institution I ,
Office 0 or Society S within the organisation it serves.
Another example we could look at is road system. We don't use the phrase in
isolation, but when communicating about a specific system such as the road system
of Britain, or of Britain compared with other countries or continents. The system
of public roads in Great Britain is made up of parts connected into a collective
entity on the mainland and some near islands, and has a natural boundary formed
by the sea. If we were having a conversation about the public road system of
Great Britain as a whole we would be at the scale of motorways and major trunk
roads and possible accesses to and interlinks between these. If we were
considering minor roads as well, we would be considering a small area such as the
public road system of Dorset using the County boundary, or that of Bournemouth
using the Borough boundary or of Purbeck using a boundary we might choose between
ourselves at the time of the discussion.
In this example, then, we have inter-relatedness between the parts of the public
road system and we have a boundary which we can place where we like to suit the
purpose of our discussion or study. In this way complex or large systems can
often be subdivided to facilitate study or discussion. The subdivision would
usually be a system within its own boundary, but not necessarily having the same
type of function as the larger system of which it was a part. The system of
public roads in Bournemouth has the remaining roads in Dorset outside its
boundary or, what is called in the study of systems, in the environment of the
Bournemouth system. Similarly, if the boundary is the Dorset County boundary, the
rest of the roads in mainland Great Britain are part of the environment of the
Dorset public road system. Taking the main purpose of public roads as being the
passage of traffic in the broadest sense, the Dorset public road system receives
traffic from and delivers traffic to its environment, which includes the private
roads within the County, public and private roads outside the County, the
seaports and the airports. We have, then, this picture of the Dorset public road
- 19 -
system which has the features of inter-related, interdependent elements within a
boundary and an environment which interacts with the system through the boundary.
Another example we can take is the motor car or automobile. It has a breaking
system, a steering system, a suspension system, a fuel system, a cooling system,
lubrication system, an ignition system, etc... etc... Each of these systems is
described at great length in the sales and service literature. Not one of these
is a form of transport on its own, but properly assembled so that they work
together, these different systems make up an automobile ready to be used by
driver and passengers on a journey. The whole is much more than a collection of
Let us look now at system, or systems, and the world of science.
For at least centuries past scientists studying nature, the natural scientists,
have sought to answer the question ""What is life?". "What is this thing called
life which is so different from what is non-life?" A piece of rock in a pile
lying on level ground doesn't do anything; in time it will weather and crumble,
and become indistinguishable from the remains of the other rocks in the pile. An
old-fashioned wind-up clock ticks away when the mainspring is tightened, but when
that spring is completely unwound the clock stops; it doesn't re-wind itself. A
motor car comes to a halt when the last of the petrol in the tank is used up by
the engine; it doesn't re-fuel itself and start off again, and it doesn't repair
itself if a fault develops.
By contrast, a living entity takes from its environment energy in forms like
food, heat or light and will maintain itself within environmental limits for the
period of its life. If it is an animal with mobility it will move about in search
of food or a more suitable environment and, within limits, an injury will heal by
processes natural to that living animal. Mankind cultivates for food and collects
for water, invents and manufactures tools, establishes preventive and curative
medical procedures and introduces rules and laws to regulate relationships
between individuals and groups. So the key difference between non-life and life
seems to be this ability to select and take in energy in the form of nutrients,
heat, light and so on from the environment to maintain the functioning of the
living entity and enable it in some measure to adapt to changes in the
As an example of this, let us consider the behaviour of yeast in the process of
making wine. Yeast is a single-celled fungus, dormant when dry, which will feed
in solutions of sugar and like carbohydrates in water where it will reproduce and
die leaving its offspring alive and feeding. In the process of feeding, the yeast
converts sugar to alcohol and, normally, will go on feeding, reproducing and
dying until either all the sugar has been used up or the alcohol content has
reached a level of 15-18%. At this level the yeast becomes poisoned by the
alcohol and dies. This is normal and routine, but some of us who have made wine
at home will have experienced a phenomenon known as "stopped fermentation" where
the yeast dies and fermentation ceases even though there is food available to the
yeast and the alcohol percentage is below the "poison" level. Stopping can happen
if, for example, the temperature goes too high.
It is very difficult to re-start fermentation in a stopped wine already partly
fermented. This is because the yeast put into the sugar and grape juice solution
to start the fermentation process becomes active in an environment with zero
alcohol, and it reproduces and completes the life cycle and dies while the
alcohol level is still low. The first yeast's progeny starts in a low alcohol
environment, feeds, reproduces and dies in an environment with a slowly rising
but still comparatively low alcohol environment. The feeding on sugar,
reproducing and dying cycle repeats and repeats in a rising alcohol level, and a
- 20 -
stage is reached at which the alcohol percentage is too high for new yeast to
survive. This might be only 2% or 3%, but it is very difficult for the amateur to
breed up yeast to a matching alcohol level to restart a stopped fermentation.
I don't want to make this a talk about winemaking - but the point of the
illustration is to describe the existence of this special function which enables
even a single-cell living vegetable organism to adapt in its own life time and
through generations to changes in the environment to the extent that it becomes a
different vegetable from its early ancestor.
The notion of a number of components acting between themselves in regular or
understandable ways, and the combination of those components acting together in
regular or understandable ways to maintain or improve themselves and to perform a
combined function, was a major force in the development of systems ideas in the
first half of the century.
In the 1930's scientists researching in biology, and particularly into the
chemistry and physical chemistry of cell behaviour, studying 'life' rather than
'not life", came to the view that living organisms behave like systems or
combinations of components acting together in a predetermined variety of ways.
But living organisms behave like systems which are open to their environment,
which maintain themselves in a continuous exchange of materials with their
environment and which tend to adapt to changes in that environment. While a
living biological cell is performing its function, as well as taking in energy to
perform the function it is taking in energy to maintain itself in functioning
order. Also, with access to enough of the right sort of energy from the
environment and in suitable physical conditions, the single cell can replicate or
reproduce. A cell can improve itself and can create other cells with specialist
functions, and it can generally exhibit the characteristics of what we call life.
Scientific research, the development of science, usually follows an iterative
process of observation, tentative theory, further experiment and observation,
advancement of theory, still more experiment and observation, and so on.
In the 1930's, when it came to advancing the scientific study of living cells
with theory and hard mathematics, there were no theories developed already to
For instance, there are well established theories known as the Laws of
Thermodynamics which can be used when considering the input, conversion, transfer
and output of energy in various forms in studies on machinery and other inanimate
non-life systems. However, these laws and formulae do not apply in studies on
self-maintaining cells living in and open to an environment to which they were
continually adjusting themselves. Specifically, for example, the second Law of
Thermodynamics states that "in any irreversible process, entropy always
increases". The consumption of energy or food is certainly irreversible. Entropy
is a scientific term for the disorder or lack of energy or organisation in a
system such as occurs with the disintegrated rock or the run-down spring. We have
argued that a living system maintains, heals and repairs itself and can even
improve itself or its situation and adapt to the environment. In other words, a
living system can bring about a decrease in entropy, which is not possible
according to the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Thus, new theories were needed for
the study of life.
Much of the work in the 1930's clarifying the lack of adequate existing theory
and opening up new ideas on living entities as open systems was done by von
Bertalanffy working in Germany. Considerable advances in developing mathematical
models and formulae took place in the 1940' s. Much of this work was done by
Prigogine who developed theories of non-equilibrium thermodynamics which applied
to open systems living and developing and adapting in an environment.
- 21 -
These theories led to the derivation of formulae for fundamental biological
characteristics and to quantitative laws of biological phenomena with formulae in
which numbers could be used to test theories and observations.
Thus, the ideas were being developed and the theories and mathematics taken
forward to enable researchers to study simple living systems, where entropy or
disorder could be minimised by a system to achieve its own survival and
improvement. The development of ideas and theories in this field is still going
on, and I'd like to illustrate the sort of thing I mean.
Many of us interested in scientific broadcasts on television will have watched
the Christmas-time lectures at the Royal Institution, which are said to be for
children. A leading light in establishing these lectures was Sir George Porter,
the one time Director of the Royal Institution, a Chemist and Nobel Prize winner.
I heard a repeat of his "Desert Island Discs" interview on Radio 4 with Sue
Lawley in which he very briefly described his Nobel prize-winning invention of
the technique known as flash photolysis, which is the study of the effects of
light by using a flash of light lasting perhaps only one-millionth of one-
millionth of a second. When asked what use would be made of the results of such
experiments, Sir George Porter replied that his special interest was
photosynthesis and he wanted to know the first things that happen to the cells
when sunlight hits a leaf, because without photosynthesis there would be no life
at all as we know it. He saw an understanding of the life process of
photosynthesis as an essential part of understanding all life processes.
The concepts of open systems migrated Eastwards into the USSR and Westward as far
as North America. Scientists in wider fields than plant and animal cell studies
became interested in an open systems theory which would apply to living, self-
determining systems as well as inanimate ones. Over the 1950' s these concepts
came to be better known among the users as General Systems Theory and were
extended from the biological cell or group of cells to complete organisms and
organisations. In Britain the Lancaster, City and Open Universities were active
in systems research, and the U.K. Systems Society was formed. In the U.S., the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Stanford Research Institute,
amongst others, were centres of study and the Society for General Systems
Research was founded.
Systems thinking had arrived. Even the publishers, Penguin, issued a paperback
book in their Education Series in 1969.
What has emerged from all this thinking?
Among other things:
Just as we have an order in biological classes, so an American scientist Kenneth
Boulding devised an hierarchy of systems in which he divided the whole of systems
into levels of different complexities and predictabilities of behaviour.
Boulding's hierarchy is as follows:
Level 1. Static structure or framework (a block of wood).
Level 2. Simple dynamic ( pre-determined, necessary mot ions ; clockwork).
Level 3. Control mechanism or cybernetic, "thermostat", self-regulating
(in limited environment).
Level 4. "Open system" or self-maintaining structure, 'life' rather than
'non life', "cell".
Level 5. Genetic-societal level, "plant".
- 22 -
Level 6. Animal system - increased mobility, teleological behaviour and
Level 7. Human level - the individual human being considered as a system
with self-awareness and the ability to utilise language and
Level 8. Social systems, systems of human organisation (messages, value systems
historical records, art, music, poetry, complex emotions).
Although Boulding could not describe any system which was better able to survive,
to learn, to adapt and to influence its environment than systems of human
organisation, he reasoned that there just might be a level which transcends the
abilities of his hierarchy level eight. So he added a ninth level.
Level 9. Transcendental systems - the ultimates, absolutes and inescapable
Any system we can think of, and any we cannot yet imagine, can be placed in this
hierarchy and, for the purpose of description or study, an appropriate level of
observation or science or art can be brought to bear on the system itself, its
boundary and its environment.
Applications of the systems ideas of interconnected, interacting, inter-relating
components inside a boundary and interacting with the environment have extended
far from the science of biological cells. As computer systems designs become more
complicated to serve several types of user through some common central equipment
and information, so manufacturers like IBM broke down the broad structure of the
system design into sub-systems which could be designed in detail by smaller teams
provided that the inter-relationship details were properly specified. The
aircraft manufacturers Boeing re-organised design work for their large commercial
aeroplanes into separate sections for such as fuselage, wings and flying
surfaces, engines and flight controls with a special co-ordinating function
responsible for precise matching of the interfaces between design groups.
The special co-ordinating function is analogous to the cell specialisations of
stem, leaf and petal which develop as a plant grows and improves itself. In the
Boeing case, co-ordination is a separate internal function; it must cost
something to run but to Boeing as a whole the cost was judged to be less than
having high levels of communication between individual designers in different
groups. This could be called elaboration to achieve better overall performances
rather than embellishment to beautify.
Of course, in human activity systems elaborations do not always work as well as
intended, and need to be re-designed or abandoned, or on the other hand they may
work so well that the co-ordinated components learn to need less co-ordination or
regulation, and so part of the elaboration becomes superfluous and, thus,
Another use of systems ideas is in the study of human activity systems, or
organisations, such as local government units and commercial or manufacturing
enterprises. A study, based on the ideas of systems, seeking to identify those
procedures and mechanisms which enable the organisation to interact with the
environment, to respond to changes in the environment or to make changes in the
environment so that the organisation attempts to survive and improve is known as
the systems approach. It means studying the activities of individuals and groups
of people, flows of information or material, performances of machines and
technology, the use or consumption of resources such as time or money or space
and, very importantly, the fit or lack of fit between the people in the
organisation and the jobs they have to do to meet uhe purpose of the
organisation. Especially, a clear picture needs to be built up of the adaptive
mechanisms - the way in which the organisation makes the adaptions to changes in
the environment and makes internal changes where they are needed.
Once the picture or model of the system has been drawn up and checked, then
alternatives can be developed and tested against the model to see how well the
changes would help the organisation to meet new reouirements. The lesson in human
activity systems is that the requirement placed on the system, how it functions
in the environment, is always likely to change and will make changing
requirements on the system components and behaviour. Always there is the need to
monitor performance and be prepared to make changes to avoid disorder and
excessive waste and to promote the survival and success of the organisation.
I would like to think that the great complex system of humanity is, in aggregate,
acting towards its own survival, and to me that means the survival of our planet
and all that is good in it. I do think that we, in this Society, are taking a
part in that process by promoting interest and knowledge in the natural sciences.
THE 87TH REPORT OF THE COUNCIL FOR
THE YEAR ENDED 30TH SEPTEMBER, 1990
INTRODUCTION The year 1989/90 has continued the traditions of the Society by
Droviding a programme of activities on well established lines but in other ways
there have been less routine happenings which will be dealt with in this report.
Due tc a conscientious Finance and General Purposes committee and the full
support of the Council all the contentious matters have been dealt with to the
satisfaction of the majority. In a Society such as ours with a membership of
largely retired people it is to be expected that the changes and developments
will be well discussed rather than sweeping and the adoption of new policies will
be the subject of careful consideration before making concessions to outside
PREMISES Our last report featured the dry rot infestation and our worries about
the cost. The treatment, re-i nstatement and re-decorations were carried out with
great thoroughness and completed early in the New Year. The cost was over fl2,000
ana payment would have seriously depleted our reserves but for a fortuitous
payment on account of the legacy from the estate of the late Mrs B French.
Without this special help an appeal to members may have been necessary. As it was
we did receive gifts from some generous members toward the cost.
Routine maintenance and repairs have this year been kept to a minimum but with
the good offices of Mr W.H. Arnold a schedule of items needing attention over a
longer term has been prepared, priorities allocated and subject to funds being
available the work will be put in hand in the months to come.
The introduction of new arrangements for the setting of rates on non-domestic
property has required that the situation of the Society be given careful
consideration. The new rateable value of 39 Christchurch Road has been set at
116,800 as compared with the old figure of 11126. The rate would have been
chargeable at 34.8pence in the f but for the concession to charities of an 80%
rebate which has been granted by the Local Authority. This, with the introductory
concessions, has meant that for this year we are paying slightly less rates than
last. We have also applied to Bournemouth Council for the additional
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discretionary relief up to 100% but at the time of writing the outcome of our
application is not known. There are also grounds, we feel, for thinking the new
assessment is incorrect and an appeal has been lodged with the Inland" Revenue,
the result of which will not be known for some months. We have been guided in
these matters by Mr W.H. Lee who, with the other officers, has given a great deal
of thought to the preparation of our case. We thank Mr Lee for making his
technical knowledge so freely available to us.
A surprising number of members seem to need keys to obtain access to the premises
at times not allowed for in the programme. This became evident when the dry rot
work was under way and a temporary entrance had to be provided. This has now been
closed and a latch provided on the main entrance door. Your committee feels that
the security aspect of a number of members holding keys has to be considered
since in the event of any incident affecting the security of the premises the
police would immediately need to know who the key holders were, and our insurers
would also have views on the subject. As a result, a register of key holders has
been prepared and all keys signed for. Members are asked to note that no keys
should be cut without reference to the secretary.
EQUIPMENT The projection equipment on which we rely so much for the enjoyment of
our lecture meetings has needed attention this year. The slide projector was out
of action for some time and we needed to use the old one, our reserve. The
episcope has given trouble following a bulb failure largely due to dirty storage
conditions. This has been dealt with by giving the instrument a good clean and
the provision of a new storage cover. The instrument, though old, should continue
to be adequate for its purpose and the limited use it gets. It was purchased in
about 1956 we believe. The Secretary's office has benefited from the gift of a
Gestetner duplicating machine, which, following a thorough overhaul should solve
the problem of producing The News Letter and the preparation of various forms to
assist with the administration of the Society.
A lot of work has been going on in the Geology room and Mr W.J. Whitsed is
earning the thanks of the whole Society for the excellent new cabinets, display
cases and fittings he has made and fitted.
MUSEUM The museum world has been very active in the past year and the Society has
experienced some of the spin off. The Museums and Galleries Commission, a
government Quango, issued its proposals for museum registration covering the
whole museum movement. The object of the scheme is the improvement of the
standards of display, conservation, maintenance and public access to all museums.
The attraction of the scheme is the availability of financial subsidies and
technical assistance to those museums which put forward acceptable schemes of
development. The standards are high and the method of allotting help is
bureaucratic. The whole subject with its effects on the Society was carefully
considered by the Museum Committee and the Council. They concluded that with our
method of operation, with honorary section leaders and voluntary helpers and an
honorary Curator all of whom already devote much of their time to the Society,
the requirements of registration could not be achieved and it was resolved not to
seek registration. However the Dorset Museums Association will receive our
support and we look forward to co-operating with its newly appointed advisory
officer, Mr Tom Craig.
Mrs V.E. Copp continues to be very active in the Geology Section and has gathered
in the support of a number of helpers who spend a lot of time working in the
section and earn our thanks for their work. The Section has this year had the
benefit of study visits and a report from Dr. P Crowther of Bristol University
which is of very great interest and will be of value in the development of the
collection. Mr H.A. Westrap, a keen archaeologist, has come forward to work on
- 25 -
the archaeological collection and we will be learning more of his plans in due
course. To date he has been undertaking cataloguing and lias arranged for the
Heywood Sumner frieze to be sent to Bristol for an estimate and a report in
connection with its restoration. Our thanks to Mr Westrap.
Changes in the use of rooms are being planned as a preliminary to some re-
decoration ana to this end the Curator has moved into what was the darkroom. We
look forward to reporting further on these matters in due course.
MEETINGS Ihe programme of meetings, lectures, field-meetings, outings and social
occasions, have followed their well-established pattern and are dealt with in
detail under the section headings. We must here pay tribute and thank the
Programme Committee and the Heads of Sections for their consistent effort on
behalf of the whole membership. The chair has this year been taken by Mrs L.M.
Maddox assisted by Mrs M.W. Saunders as secretary to whom we are indebted for
their leadership and the production of the yellow programme.
We have had our usual series of joint meetings with kindred bodies - The Royal
Horticultural Society, The Historical Association, The Institute of Biology and
the National Piers Society - all of which have been well supported and
successf u 1 .
The New Year Party, The Garden Party and the Anniversary Tea Party are planned
and arranged by the Tea and Entertainment Committee led by Mrs M.K. Parkinson and
they too earn our thanks for very happy occasions.
The Open Day is planned and arranged by the Museum Committee, chaired by Mrs J.
George and the Curator, Mr G. Teasdill. It was this year held on a Wednesday. The
attendance was rather less than in other years as expected, but in spite of some
differing opinions was considered successful and is to be repeated mid-week next
year. The fresh layout for the displays this year improved the circulation of the
visitors and we are grateful to the Curator and the Committee for their efforts.
The number of applications for membership and enguiries was considered
sati sf actory.
MEMBERSHIP The level of membership has continued at about 450 in the past year,
this is not as many as we would like but we have received a steady flow of
applications and there have been rather fewer lost to us through non-payment. A
target of around 500 members is still our objective and we would remind all
concerned that recommendation is the best method of recruitment and our best
advertisement. With subscriptions at their present level we are confident that
the Society offers excellent value in information, entertainment, companionship
The year 1989/90 has regrettably seen the loss of some old and respected members
through death and these are detailed in the obituaries. Miss D.M. Lowther, surely
our oldest member joining in 1934, is no longer able to attend our meetings and
Mrs Chome is now living in a Nursing Home after many years as the Chairman of the
Garden Committee. Miss Ruth Winter took over the duties of Assistant Secretary on
the resignation of Mrs B. Hooton-Smith at the onset of her illness. We offer our
best wishes and thanks to Miss Winter. Miss K.M. Bennetts has had some long
periods of illness but keeps fighting back bravely, we welcome her support at
meetings whenever she is able to attend.
FINANCE The heavy expenditure on repairs and decorations, changes in banking
practice, and the monthly fluctuations in our affairs have kept the Treasurer and
his assistant Mrs I Towndrow busy throughout the year. Mr T.P. Whieldon has
presented his statement month by month and we have always known how we stand.
Their contribution is invaluable to the Society and we cannot adequately thank
- 26 -
them. The fact that Mr Whieldon is our President for the coming year and also
remains Treasurer shows him to be a 'worker' and we wish him an enjoyable and
This year the ordinary receipts are up by about 10% but expenditure has increased
by 30% mainly because of the high cost of repairs. This has produced a deficit of
ordinary receipts over payments of £6641. We have received f 15, 200 from the
estate of the late Mrs B. French with a further payment expected on the
settlement of the estate. This instalment and other extraordinary receipts
produced a total surplus of 18768.
Quoted investments have decreased in value due to the state of the economy and
the financial markets but interest payments from our investments have remained
high. The incidence of the Community Charge has for the time being lessened our
Rate Bill but our housekeeper, Mrs Garlinge, has had to bear the increased
expense personally. This extra expense to her to be born against a small salary
was considered by us to be unreasonable and we have agreed to make her an extra
Careful thought is being given to the prospects for the coming year and Mr
Whieldon, assisted by Mr W.H. Lee and Miss R. Winter, will be reporting to us
early in the new year on the prospects for the subscription and other income when
set against inflationary trends and rising costs.
PERSONALIA Mr M.P. Bent ley has been a very active President attending lectures
and field meetings in addition to making himself available to members and
visitors. He arranged the highly successful Presidential lunch which was well
supported and enjoyed. We hope he has enjoyed being our figurehead as much as we
have appreciated his leadership.
Tribute has been paid to many members in the course of this report, some have
perhaps been overlooked, but all members will be aware that the smooth running of
an active society such as ours depends on many contributions large and small and
we are grateful for them all, not least to Mrs Garlinge, our housekeeper, and her
husband who do so much to keep the whole establishment running smoothly.
TAILPIECE - TUESDAY MORNINGS Before ending this report we would like to make
special reference to that item which appears in the programme as 'A Working Day
in the Garden" and to Tuesday mornings.
Miss M. Blower, Chairman of the Horticulture Section, has gathered an energetic
group of members to help keep our garden in order and these 'Working Days' are
the way of focusing attention on the never ending round of jobs required to keep
the garden up to the high standards we have come to expect. Additional volunteers
are never turned away. The long period of fine summer weather has enabled a great
many members to enjoy the peace and beauty which our volunteers achieve. We would
like Miss Blower and her helpers to know how much we appreciate their work and
Every Tuesday morning the Society's house really comes alive. The librarian,
Mr. R. Harwood, and his helpers assemble to keep the library in order, dusting,
recording, filing, indexing, ordering and checking the books so that all is ready
to meet the needs of members. The Geology room is opened by Mrs V.t. Copp and
some of our keenest geologists gather to catalogue and classify our collections
and Mr W.J. Whitsed is on hand improving the storage and display facilities. The
reference library is in use for indexing, study and research. Upstairs in the
Archaeology room Mr H.A. Westrap continues his work of cataloguing and sorting
our collection. The curator, Mr G. Teasdill, is often to be found busying himself
with the displays, and the Secretary is about the place to catch someone who
- 27 -
cannot be found at any other time. Other members and visitors are around for
their special purposes.
With so many busy people about the building and coffee on the go there is
inevitably lively conversation and discussion revealing an aspect of Society
membership perhaps not so widely known. Other members may be inclined to join
in, to follow up a particular interest. All are welcome, however, a preliminary
enquiry may be helpful in individual cases.
F.R. Watson, Secretary
FROM THE CHAIRMAN OF COUNCIL
As another Society year reaches its close it falls to me to add a few lines to
the very full account of our activities by our Hon. Secretary Mr R. Watson. As
usual he mentions the part played by all the officers of the Society except
himself, whilst he probably works harder than any of us. Thank you once again Mr
This has been a sad year for me as well as for the Society. We have lost many
old and valued members who have gone to rest, several of whom had become
personal friends, amongst them a lady I have always admired, Mrs Hooton-Smith
whose contribution to the day-to-day running of our Society was immense. Also
missing now from the Society scene due to failing health is Miss Lowther who at
one time or another has done sterling work in many different capacities since
she joined the Society in 1934. I wish all our old members well in their
adversities and hope their memories of the good times with us sustain them in
the years to come.
Finally I appeal to our younger, fitter members to come forward and fill the
gaps which become more and more frequent, thus maintaining the health and
reputation we have built up over the years.
To all members of Council my sincere thanks for their continued support.
TEA AND ENTERTAINMENT COMMITTEE
For members of the above committee 1990 has brought few if any changes. The
welcome cup of tea after each lecture is still our main concern and I would like
to take this opportunity to say a big and grateful thank you to all the Ladies
of the Committee for the way they make my task so easy and pleasurable.
Our parties during the year have been happy events. It was a great pity on the
day of the Garden Party, due to the morning being overcast, we had to arrange
the stalls in the lecture hall. However, by the time the children of the Ballet
School arrived the clouds had lifted and we were able to enjoy both the beauty
of the garden and the delightful dancing of the children. Our Birthday Party was
another enjoyable afternoon if smiling faces and happy chatter were anything to
We look forward to sharing many more such times with you.
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Mol lie K . Parkinson
ARCHAEOLOGY AND HISTORY
The French Connection
Miss M. Stocker B.A.
A look at the Archaeology of Jordan
Miss M.W.S . Uavi s
Moguls and Maharajas
T. Holden M.A.
Dorset - Some Events in English History
Art in 5th Century Greece
Mrs S. Towler M.A.
Apr i 1
The Art and History of the Low Countries G. Teasdill F.M.A.
F.R.S.A. F.R.N.S F.Z.S
Art and Photography
Miss P. Winter M.A.
Some Lesser Known Glories of Baroque
Miss M. Stocker B.A.
Chaucer ' s P i lgrims
Miss P . Winter M.A.
Bournemouth's Literary Associations
G. Teasdi 1 1 F.M.A.
F.R.S.A. F.R.N.S. F.Z.S.
G. Teasdi 11
The opening lecture of the season was given by the Chairman who gave a broad
survey of Anglo-French relations from the time of the Gauls, through the wars of
the 15th and 18th Centuries, to the rapprochement in the 19th Century which
culminated in the D Day landings. The next two lectures ranged even further
afield with an up-date of the Archaeology of Jordan, in which Miss Davis gave a
stimulating account of recent excavations there. The following lecture, a joint
one with the Historical Association, on Moguls and Maharajas with some
outstanding illustrations of the glories of Indian architecture, was given by Mr
Holden, a Vice-President of the Historical Association.
Keeping up the party spirit, the New Year opened on January 3rd with a Christmas
Quiz. In February, the Section returned to the serious side of History with a
lecture by Mr Lee on Dorset - Some events in English History, in which he most
ably established the close connection between events in national and local
history. In March, Mrs Towler, an expert in her subject, gave a sensitive lecture
on Greek Art in the 5th Century thus enabling her audience to appreciate fully
"The Glory that was Greece". In March there was a welcome return visit by Mr Ian
Anderson who, still on the subject of Art, illustrated the very close connection
between art and photography, to the delight of the many photographers in our
In June and early August Miss P. Winter gave two enthralling lectures. The first
was a vivid description of 14th Century England whilst the second brought to life
the many diverse characters portrayed by Chaucer. Both lectures were illustrated
from the Society's collection of lantern slides. In the interim month of July the
Chairman gave a lecture centred on the magnificent religious buildings of
Provincial Austria and Bavaria.
The last lectures of the season by Mr Teasdill were a small contribution to
Bournemouth's Centenary Celebrations. With his unique knowledge, of Bournemouth's
history he contributed a lecture on Bournemouth's literary associations centred
on the poet Shelley and the ever popular Robert Louis Stevenson.
This lecture set a precedent for the Society as it was the first lecture to be
held in the garden with a radio link to the hall for the benefit of those not
- 29 -
wishing to be outside. The second lecture on Bournemouth's Piers was a joint
meeting with the National Piers Society.
The Archaeology Museum
The Chairman is delighted to announce that Mr H.R. Westrap has now taken over
responsibility for the Museum. He has already shown his enthusiasm by compiling a
detailed Catalogue of its contents which will be placed in the library for the
use of members. Another piece of good news is that the Museum is soon to be re-
decorated. Information is already being sought as to the best method of
conserving the unique Heyward Sumner frieze, the work of the famous
archaeologist, who was President of B.N.S.S. from 1926-8.
With the fine example set by the geological section, it is intended to begin with
a similar format to list separately the archaeological collection beginning with
the Grenfell/Mc Dougall funerary objects permanently on display. There are,
according to the accession register, 187 items that require further
identification to create a new numerical index. A recent visit by Dr G. de Knegt,
an Egyptologist who is studying museum collections in this country, has pointed
out items of particular interest including Nhagada 1 and Nhagada 2 early Egyptian
pottery and pal lettes belonging to the same period, Members are invited to assist
this identification process so that the rest of the archaeological collection can
be dealt with in a similar manner.
The Phases of the Moon
A Photographic Treasure Trove Part 2
Grahame Bamwel 1 B.Sc.
Time, the Earth, Moon and Sun
Graeme Nash M.A. F.R.A
Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Dr. Charles Boyle
Voyager II Klyby of Neptune
In the first lecture of the season, Colin Pither, an experienced lunar observer,
discussed how the Phase of the Moon came about - the changing aspect of the
hemisphere of the moon illuminated by the sun as viewed from the earth during the
course of one lunar orbit, the month. Although the moon keeps the same face to
the earth, its elliptical orbit and axis "tilt" introduce some east/west and
north/south libration respectively enabling more than half the moon to be seen
from the earth over a period of years. During the month, the different aspect of
solar lighting of the lunar features produces dramatic changes in the appearance
of any object (e.g. crater). Colin illustrated this clearly with a model in the
The treasure trove in Andrew Chisholm's lecture was the 500 plus 3 inch square
glass astronomy slides belonging to the Society, mostly of photographs plus some
drawings made between 1870 and 1930.
- 30 -
The Part I lecture in March had considered solar system objects. The Part II
lecture considered sidereal objects, stars, galaxies etc. Andrew showed some
beautiful slides of the Milky Way and other stellar systems as well as nebulae
such as M42 in Orion. Comparisons with modern photographs were made. Of
particular interest was a slide of the Crab Nebula, Ml. The society slide taken
in the 1890' s compared with a modern photograph showed that the object had
definitely expanded over the period of years.
The lecture of Grahame Barnwell was in keeping with two earlier lectures which
marked the centenary of the birth of Edwin Hubble, the great American observer
and father of modern Cosmology. Grahame presented a clear and thought-provoking
summary of our modern ideas of the birth, structure and evolution of the cosmos.
The Section Chairman gave the first lecture of 1990. He explained how throughout
human history the concept of time was based on two astronomical units - the mean
rotation period of the earth compared to the sun - the solar day; and the
"seasonal" orbit of the earth about the sun - the tropical year. The history of
the calendar is the history of the reconciliation of these two basic, but
unrelated units of time. In the West, the "phase" period of the moon about the
earth - the synodic month - is less important but is the basis of the Jewish and
Islamic calendars. In the West, the "month" is used to date Easter only. However,
the tidal effect of the moon (and to a lesser extent the sun) is responsible tor
slowing down the rotation of the Earth, thus lengthening the day. In recent times
the rotation of the Earth is no longer used to define time - "atomic" clocks are
The lecture by Dr Charles Boyle was on a new branch of observational astronomy
based on the predictions of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, that
accelerating masses emit ghostly gravitational waves, ripples in space-time that
travel out at the speed of light. Such waves in theory can be detected by tiny
geometrical changes to sensitive apparatus on Earth. The effect is incredibly
small even from such violent cosmological events as an asymmetric supernova
explosion. Glasgow University, where Charles was a graduate, is one of the few
pioneers in the field of building gravitational wave detectors. Laser
interferometer detectors are being developed. Elsewhere, huge suspended aluminium
cylinders provide the detector. So far, no gravitational waves have definitely
been observed by any earth based apparatus although development of techniques
promise success in the near future. Indirect evidence is available from the
study, by radio astronomers, of the "decay" of the orbit of a binary pulsar.
Clearly the field of gravitational wave astronomy is in its infancy and promises
an exciting future.
The subject of Andrew Chisholm's lecture was the flyby of the Neptune planetary
system by the NASA spacecraft Voyager II on August 24/25 1989. Andrew has already
lectured on this amazing craft's encounter with Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus.
Neptune was the last planetary "port of call" after a journey of 12 years over
some four thousand million miles. Voyager II took many wonderful photographs
which showed Neptune to be a meteorologically active world with a tilted magnetic
field (like Uranus). Just as interesting was the major moon Triton which orbits
Neptune the "wrong way round". This proved to be a bitterly cold world with a
bewildering variety of surface features including active Nitrogen emitting
volcanos. Andrew opined that here we were seeing a "twin" of the, as yet,
unvisited (and presently less remote) planet Pluto. Voyager II continues to
plunge, at lOmps, into deep space still able to contact Earth and still able to
provide useful information (on the magnetopause and possibly planet X) until
about 2020. Surely this craft must rate as one of the greatest achievements of
20th century astronomy.
- 31 -
The Warden, Mr D Smith
Wild Orchids of Dorset
Mr M. Jenkinson
Australia - Flowers, etc.
"Say it with Flowers"
Mr K. Harrison
Mr K. Cook, Warden of the
The Warden, Mr G. Le Pard
Mr R. Collings
Fungus Foray on Barrow Moor
Braemore for Snowdrops
Pamph i 1 1
Worth Matravers and Seacombe
Spinners Garden & Exbury
River Walk at Wareham & Visit to East
Stoke Freshwater Ecology Institute
Sop ley Common & Moors River
Red Rise Area
Denny Wood Fungi
Gritnam Wood Fungi
Mr R. Col lings
Our November lecture was by the Warden of Badbury Rings, Mr David Smith, who told
us about the history of the area witn some very interesting aerial slides, as
well as about its plants. Also in November Mrs Ann Leonard led us on a fungus
foray in the Barrow Moor area, then in December she used blackboard diagrams as
well as real fungi to help the less knowledgeable of us to identify the different
- 32 -
In January, we should have had Mr and Mrs Parish, but sadly the former died
during Christmas week. Their shows have given much pleasure to many people and he
will be greatly missed. Our substitute speaker was Mr Martin Jenkinson whose
enthusiasm for wild orchids and the necessity to conserve their habitat kept him
talking for more than the allotted hour, but no one left before he finished. In
February , Miss Bowen showed us sunny slides taken in Australia, and at the
beginning of March we enjoyed real sun on our first field trip, to Breamore,
where we saw snowdrops, primroses and violets, among other flowers. At the end of
March, in Uddens Park and Holt Heath, we found more plants blooming; and Mr Ken
Harrison cheered us up with his show"Say it with Flowers".
On our field trips in April there was much more to see, including
Toothwort (LATHRAEA SQU ARMARIA) and early purple orchid (ORCHIS MASCULA). Our
April lecture was by Mr Kevin Cook, Warden of the D.T.N.C. Reserve on Brownsea
Island, who told us about its past as well as its present. In May, Or. Mike
Ladle from East Stoke Freshwater Ecology Institute used diagrammatic as well as
pictorial slides to make the more technical bits understandable to the less
scientific among us. We saw some of it when we visited the Institute on June
28th. On our trip to Seacombe we found neither spider nor frog orchids but some
of us enjoyed lying in the warm sun after lunch while an energetic few climbed
the cliff path and returned.
The outing to Spinners Garden and Exbury in cars made a restful change. In June,
on Corfe Common, the poor weather conditions became worse soon after lunch and we
returned to the cars but we had noted 65 species in bloom, including changing
forgetmenot (MYOSOTIS DISCOLOR). On the 11th Mr Gordon Le Pard, the warden, gave
us an interesting talk about the Avon Forest. On Martin Down on 22nd June heavy
showers of wind-blown rain divided our party after lunch but we noted 79 species
including common spotted orchid ( DACTYLORCHIZA FUSCHSII), fragrant orchid
(GYMNADENIA CONOPSEA), bastard toad flax (THESIUM HUMIFUSUW) and knapweed
broomrape ( OROBANCHE ELATOR) some of the last being unusually tall. On 28th June,
though our walk along the river at West Mills was for less than two hours, we
still managed to find 70 species in bloom. After lunch we went to the East Stoke
By 6th July, on our trip to Durlston Head, we were glad to find shade at
lunchtime. We found the uncommon Durlston Head variety of centaury, and spent a
considerable time searching unsuccessfully in the grass for pheasant's eye
(ADONIS ANNUA) in an unfertilised field which had been seeded with some of the
flowers which used to grow in natural profusion:- corn cockle (AGROSTEMMA
GITHAGO), cornflower ( CENTAUREA CYANUS) and corn marigold (CHRYSANTHEMUM SEGETUM)
and others. On the following week we again welcomed the shade at lunch time on
our trip to Coward's Marsh. Some of us had not been there before, and so found
this venue extra interesting, and we were all delighted to see so many marsh
cinquefort (POTENTILLA PALUSTRIS) in the grass though much of the marsh was drier
than usual. On Sopley Common and the Troublefield Reserve 68 species were noted
including 2 sunden ( DROSERA INTERMEDIA and D. ROTUNDIFOLIA) .
By August 1st many of us had had enough of walking in the sun and were glad to
eat lunch near the cars, overlooking Cadman's Pool, and in the afternoon three
members wisely stayed there while others envied three grass snakes which were
seen happily keeping cool in one of the few pools left in the bed of the stream.
Nearly every bog asphodel ( NARTHEC I UM OSSIFRAGUM) had withered since the previous
week and much of the usually marshy ground was dry. At Ladycross Lodge on the
10th, 55 species were noted including lesser water pla'ntain (BALDELLIA
RANUNCULOIDES) , and in the Red Rise area, on the 21st, more than 49, though the
effects of the continuing hot, dry weather were obvious. On September 7th on Holt
Heath, the Warden, Mr Ian Nicol helped us to find the marsh gentians (GENTIANA
PNEUMONANTHE), the 3 varieties of gorse (ULEX EUROPAEUS, U. GALLI and U. MINOR)
and both sundews (D. ROTUNDIFOLIA and D. INTERMEDIA)
- 33 -
On the 27th Mr Bob Lees took us on the first fungus foray of the year, in Denny
Wood where, because of the drought fewer species were found than normal. This was
also the case two weeks later in Gritnam Wood when Mr Ray Col lings led us.
I am most grateful to those who have led Botany Walks and to Mrs Molly Saunders
for extra noting of "finds". Thanks are due also to those who suggest names of
speakers, and to Mr Graham Wilson, projectionist.
One of our members, Mrs Mary Sparkes, noticed and collected an unusual grass
growing in Southbourne where building works were to begin. It has now been
identified as DIGITARIA SANGUINALIS (hairy finger grass) by Mr S.A. Renvoize the
Head of Grass Section in the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, who has kept a
specimen to add to their collection. Our sample with more information, may be
seen on application to Mrs Sparkes, Miss Mackintosh or Miss Blower.
Shei la M. Macki ntosh
Peter Down M.A.
Iceland - Its Volcanoes & Glaciers
Miss J. Watford M.A.
The Norwegian Coast
Miss E. Oldfield
Scenery of China
Miss M.W.S. Davis
Over the hills and not so far away in
Mrs M. Arnold
National Parks of the Mid-West U.S.A.
Mrs C. O'Shea B.Sc,
M. Biol. Sc.
Water in Africa
J. Elgood M.A.
Rivers and Bridges Worldwide
K . Eames F.C.A.
Around the Mediterranean
Land of the Pharaohs
Miss J. Watford M.A.
W.J. Whitsed F.R.S.A.
Wandering in South-East Asia
Corfe Castle - Kingston area
Miss Davis/Mrs Lund
Talbot Heath - Pugs Hole - Coy Pond
Miss Davis/Mrs Saunders
Bloxworth - Woodbury Hill
Cranborne - Boveridge - Burwood
The Frome at Moreton
Roman Villa, Bignor and Leonardslee
Miss Davis and Mrs Lund
Mapperton House and Gardens
Miss Davis and Mrs Lund
October saw a change in the published programme when Mr P. Down stepped in to
give a tine illustrated lecture on Egypt as Mr Elgood was indisposed. Lectures in
November and December provided a contrast although both were in Northern Europe,
Miss J. Watford described how lakes in Iceland were formed when the pressure
below the surface becomes so great that an explosion takes place, black basalt
rocks are thrown up and the depression fills with water to form a lake. Miss
Oldfield illustrated a journey by Norwegian coastal steamer from the old
- 34 -
port of Bergen to Kirkenes on the Russian border and the return. The steamers run
every day covering 2500 nautical miles and calling at 36 ports.
The scenery of China was the Chairman's subject in January. Ihe pictures showed
the gorges of the Yangtse river and the curious limestone pinnacles which stand
up in the countryside in the vicinity of the I. i river in the South-East.
In February Mrs Arnold showed pictures of Dorset, including the little church at
]drrant Crawford where Richard Poore was baptized. He became Bishop ot Salisbury
and started the building of the great Cathedral. Queen Joan of Scotland, sister
of King John, who founded an abbey nearby is also buried in the church.
Mrs O'Shea's journey through Yellowstone and Yosemite Parks in the U.S.A. showed
us pictures of mountains, hot geysers and caves in which an ancient tribe of
Mr Elgood told us of the problems of water distribution in Africa, some parts
have access to irrigation from rivers but others suffer from drought. Ihe water
hyacinth, though visually attractive, is a menace because it clogs the water
channels. There were fine pictures of a rainbow over Victoria Falls.
Two projectors were used by Mr tames, one to show captions and the other pictures
of Bridges and Rivers world-wide. The Golden gate bridge in San Francisco and the
Lion Bridge at Vancouver showed to advantage in these fine photographs.
Our President this year, Mr Bent ley, who has lived abroad for many years took us
on an interesting tour around the Mediterranean calling at Venice, Israel and
some Greek islands. My thanks go to Miss Watford who stepped in at short notice
to give a talk on the "Land of the Pharaohs". Egypt is a country that changes
through the eyes of different people.
Mr Whitsed visited Tenerife several years ago and showed some fine pictures of
flowers and the Baranco del Inferno, a huge canyon with stretches of beautiful
scenery. A waterfall at the end of the gorge, plunges down a cliff into a small
lake. Mr Lee, in his lecture, showed us pictures of the causeway at Singapore
along which the Japanese attacked in the Second World War. He explained the
method of collecting the liauid from rubber trees and showed us a wealth of
temples and palaces in Bangkok.
Sadly, in July, Philip Hopkins died suddenly. He had been a member of the Society
since 1981 and was a regular lecturer for this section. Although retired, he
still was interested in adult education and took classes in the geography of
Dorset. Philip will be greatly missed by all his friends.
The October meeting took us across Corfe Common to Kingston where we looked down
on Encombe House tucked into a fold of the Purbecks. In January the walk through
Pugs Hole and Talbot Heath was the day of the "great storm". Nine members had the
cobwebs b lown away! .
A small group walked through the woods to Woodbury Hill, the hill fort where the
old fair was held. This was in February and we had good views of the countryside
around Bere Regis. Our walk on a spring day in March took us along the edge of
hills from Cranborne, down to the valley and return along by the stream. Flowers
and birds, including the blackcap, were seen on our return visit to the F rome at
A full coach of members visited the Roman Villa at Bignor which contains some of
the finest mosaics in England. Later we visited the well-known gardens at
Leonardslee, owned by the Loder family, containing specie rhododendrons and
- 35 -
azaleas. Mapperton House and Gardens, the home of Mr and Mrs John Montagu, was
opened by appointment for us in July. It is a Tudor Manor house set in terraced
Finally to everyone who has contributed to this successful year in whatever
capacity - my grateful thanks.
Living in the Past
Justin Delair, B.Sc.
Coast of Britain
Vince May, M.Sc.
A Mechanical Engineer's View of
Frank Behennah, C.Eng. ,
F.R.Ae.S . , F. I.M.E. ,
Si 1 ver
Harry Payne, F.G.A.
Geology and You
Hugh Prudden, M.A.
Wanderings in England
Tony Cross, B.Sc. , F.G.S .
Darwin and Evolution, Geology and
Graham Teasdi 1 1 , F.M.A.
Scenery and Geology of the Isle of
Lt. Cdr. Charles Jackson
B.A., C.Eng., M.I.E.R.E.
The Dorset Coast
Geoff Poole, M.A.,
Frank Behennah, C.Eng.,
F.R.Ae.S., F. I.M.E.
Wonders of Geology under the Microscope
Keith Abineri, B.Sc,
Bristol Museum for Great Sea Dragon
Leader: Mrs V.E. Copp and
Exh ibi tion
Dr. P. Crowther.
Geology around Abbotsbury
Leader: Mr F. Behennah
Leader: Mrs V.E. Copp
Leader: Mrs V.E. Copp
The F leet, Wyke Regis
Leader: Mr F. Behennah
Chilcomb House, Headquarters of the
Leader: Mr T. Cross
Hampshire Museum Service
Bindon Hill, Fossil Forest and
Leader: Mrs M. Saunders
Ball Clay Geology, E.C.C. pit near
Leader: Mr Q.G. Palmer
Mr F. Behennah
Lower Palaeozoic Rocks and Fossils
Mr A. Osborn and
Mrs V. Copp
Mesozoic and Fossi Is
Mrs A. Osborn and
Mrs V. Copp
- 36 -
The past year has been particularly enjoyable as so many members have taken part
in the successful running of the section. Lectures, field trips and study groups
have been organised by Keith Abineri, Frank Behennah, Alec Osborn, Molly Saunders
and Graham Teasdill, and I am very grateful to them for the time, thought and
detailed care they devoted to the work. I hope they felt rewarded by the obvious
appreciation of the members. Valuable help was given behind the scenes by Lillian
Rowe and Gwen O'Dell and recently we have been very happy to welcome Sheila
Aitken, Ginger Hall and Jack Slater to the team of museum workers.
Josephine Zara is compiling a bibliography of geological information relative to
the Bournemouth, Poole and Christchurch area. When this is finished (in a few
years" time) it will be a valuable addition to our resources. We possess a good
wide representative collection of local geological specimens and it seems
desirable that we should also have a source of reference for information relating
to local geology. Josephine's research has already proved useful in uncovering
information on the history of some of our holdings.
Alec Osborn has spent two years on the mineral collection and has now begun to
classify the rock specimens. His specialised knowledge has made a great
improvement in the cataloguing and presentation of our mineral collection. We are
very grateful to him for the help he has so generously given to the geology
As reported in previous years Justin Delair has continued to travel down from
Oxford about once a month to catalogue the fossil collection. He has now been
working on the collection for about five years and during that time has
identified, organised and systematically catalogued over 15,000 specimens. There
is, however, still a long way to go. The Society is greatly indebted to him for
his dedication to this invaluable work.
Gerry Mouat's collection, the bequest of which was mentioned in the last
Proceedings, proved to be surprisingly large and rich with regard to genera and
species it contained. There were over 4,000 specimens which have now been
identified, checked and catalogued by Julian Delair. Gerry Mouat had spent a
lifetime collecting fossils locally. As well as collecting from well-known
f ossi lif erous localities such as Lyme Regis, Charmouth, Kimmeridge Bay, Wyke
Regis, Barton, etc., he also obtained fossils from certain localities such as Rye
Water at Corscombe and Avon Water at Holmsley where their existence had not
apparently been previously recorded, either in the literature or in other
museums' collections. Although the fossils concerned are not uncommon in the same
horizons elsewhere their geographical range has thus been significantly extended.
Through the good offices of Graham Teasdill we were able to secure four handsome
display cabinets from Russell Cotes Museum. These were surplus to their
requirements and were given to us on permanent loan. We were thus able to show
our specimens in the geology room to better advantage on Open Day in September.
Bill Arnold carried out some constructional alteration work in the room to make
more storage space. Bill Whitsed made some useful wall cases and reorganised
cupboards to streamline the layout of the room. He also made a set of drawers to
fit underneath one of the new cabinets so that we were able to house the Gerry
Mouat collection quite comfortably. We are very grateful indeed for all this
We have had visits during the year from the Geology section of the Dorset Natural
History and Archaeological Society, the Open University Geology Section, the
University of the Third Age and from Adult Education Classes. Visits have also
been made by interested individuals including a professor from New Zealand and
various researchers on subjects such as Tertiary nautiloids, dinosaur diseases
and meteorites. It is good to know that the Society's Geology collection is
serving a useful scientific purpose.
- 37 -
Perhaps the most important event of the year was a survey of the collection made
by Dr. Peter Crowther of Bristol Museum on behalf of the South West Area Museum
Council, of which the Society is a member. The survey was sought so that
professional advice could be obtained on the present state and storage conditions
of the collection and its future curation. The report was very thorough and
comprehensive, running to a hundred pages, and its recommendations were most
helpful. It was also an interesting piece of work as, from documents we have
available in our library, Dr. Crowther was able to build up a history of the
acquisitions setting them against a background of the general history of the
Society. A copy of this valuable and well-produced report has been placed in the
Society's library for reference.
Vera E. Copp
February 24 The Fragrant Garden Mrs K. Sanecki F.L.S.
May 31 Wi s ley
September 14 Hillier's Arboretum
Another year when gale force winds wrecked many southern gardens, we suffered
most from salt borne inward to scorch and burn our evergreen trees. A dry summer
followed and several shrubs succumbed and others only managed a very short
The garden was open to the public in National Conservation of Plants and Gardens
Week. This was a pleasant day and many gardeners from Kew visited.
Elaeagnus pungus and Eriobotrya japonica (loquat) have strongly fragrant flowers
in the autumn and this year were followed by fruits which is most unusual in
Britain. Catalpa aurea (Indian bean tree) which has not flowered for two years
did so this summer but failed to produce seed pods. The Ceanothus have been
wonderful and Amaryllis belladonna has never looked so well.
The new Hydrangeas were very small when they were badly mauled by someone who
came armed for the attack. What a pity others were not allowed the pleasure of
The pool still creates interest and we have extended the low growing plants to
aid frogs in their first hop to safety on dry ground.
The installing of a tap at the lower end of the garden was a long overdue
improvement. My grateful thanks to the member who sent some young men to dig a
trench. The teak seats and benches have been made stable and safe to use. New
labels are clear and easy to read but do snap off if trodden on; I am sorry that
there are no English names for some plants.
Changes always take place in a garden and "39" is no different. Trees and shrubs
need food, water and light and we endeavour to maintain some degree of balance. I
am fortunate in having a team with whom to discuss these and other problems. Mr
W. Arnold gives his time freely to sort out boundary problems, drainage etc. and
I am always in his debt.
- 38 -
PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY
Don nf Rritich Cac
n+ flac Main 1 aw inn
Ul UOj no 1 II L Ojr 1 1 1 y
OUU Lllcr II rvtry lull
Voyagers among the Planets
Prof. P.G. Farrel
Pills and Potions
J. Calvert B.Sc.
Chemistry Ancient and Modern
Rev. F.W. King
Miss E.B. Wood B.Sc
Energy and Nuclear Power
Encouraged by some suggestions from the Secretary in last year's Proceedings, an
overall theme was in mind for this section this year - "Modern Advances in
Science, in the light of Earlier Pioneering". An outline of this idea was given
by the Chairman, with the stress on the need for a constant observance of the
Scientific Method and an open mind. Miss E.B. Wood illustrated this in a short
account of her experiences as Head of Chemistry Department of the Girls' Grammar
School and of notes of a lecture she gave to the Society in 1952 about the Curies
and the Atom.
A member of the Pharmaceutical Society, Rev. J. Calvert talked about "Pills and
Potions" (past and present). Mr F.R. Watson gave a lecture on Lord Kelvin; and
there has been a visit by Mr W.R. Turk, of Winfrith, who spoke about "Energy and
Nuclear Power". In March, a lecture given by Professor P.G. Farrel 1 of the
University of Manchester was on "Voyagers among the Planets". This was chaired by
M.P. Bent ley, the President of the Society in 1990.
It is recognised that the various sections of the Society are for the interest,
information and enjoyment of the Members. Accordingly, the Chairman of Physics
and Chemistry would be very grateful to know what would be of the most interest
to the largest number of people in this section. Efforts are being made to
present subjects of topical and popular appeal. It is hoped that members with
specific knowledge and skills will be ready to share these with us all.
The Open Day had some representation from this Section. Some of the elements and
minerals belonging to the Society were on display, as were the notes and diagrams
of Miss Wood's lecture and other items of interest. We were very grateful to Mr
J. P. Downes for exhibiting some of his apparatus and very interesting matters
relating to Wireless and Radio Communications.
Jewels of Nature
Waterways: Camera Afloat
Focus on Gardens
Mrs G. Obee
In the Mind's Eye
Miss M. Exton
Photographing the Night Sky
B . M i z om
Glimpses of the Middle East
G.J. Jefferson F.R
Audio-Visual: As I See it
J. Loader L.R.P.S.
- 39 -
Audio-Visual: East Side Story Mrs M. Bright L.R.P.S.
Audio-Visual: With Colour in My Camera G. Hawkins A.R.P.S.
Close-up, The Easy Way R. Fortt
Lantern Slides: Old Bournemouth F.R.Watson
Good friends have once again contributed an interesting programme of special
photographic interest. Mr Marchant revealed through macro-photography the
jewelled colours in nature: breathtaking views of small creatures from a distance
of a few inches. Mr Andrews gave us a personal travelogue afloat on waterways
with memorable views, while Miss Exton once more thrilled us with her seeing eye
and camera dexterity displaying beauty in the simple things around us.
Mr Mizom introduced us to the art of night-sky photography using simple apparatus
(plus interrupted sleep, cold hands and feet). Mr Jefferson illustrated a
whirlwind tour of Cyprus, Israel and Jordan. Mrs Bright delighted us with a
spectacular presentation of a journey from Quebec, embracing Niagara Falls, to
the Everglade Swamps - a superb combination of sight and sound.
Once again Mr Loder produced a most enjoyable programme, this time including
Children's Murals at Bath, the Dorset Steam Fair, R.H.S. Roses, and a special
Lake District Selection. Mr Hawkins, another good friend from the Bournemouth
Photographic Society, inspired us with sequences of professional photography
accompanied by music which never intruded, but enhanced the sheer beauty of
I missed Mr Fortt 's exposition on close-up photography but have been told how
much it was appreciated. Bournemouth's centenary year was fittingly illustrated
by Mr Watson's selection of the Society's lantern slides of Old Bournemouth which
he described in detail.
I thank the Projectionists who work so hard in the programme's production.
Grace E. Obee
ZOOLOGY - ENTOMOLOGY
Conservation of the Large Blue
J. A. Thomas
M.A., Ph.D., F.R.E.S.
Miss M.M. Brooks
Migrant Butterflies & Moths
Moths of Hedgerows & Marshy Places
Miss M.M. Brooks Ph.C,
M.R. Pharm.S., F.R.E.S.
Dr. K. Mash
B.Sc, Ph.D., M.A.
Damsels and Dragons
Sop ley Common, Hurn
Miss M.M. Brooks
Miss M.M. Brooks
Miss M.M. Brooks
Miss M.M. Brooks
Miss M.M. Brooks
- 40 -
A fine summer has resulted in early records for several species of Lepidoptera;
like last year, the Dark Green Fritillary (A. aglaja) was on the wing at the end
of May. Exceptional numbers of Holly Blues (C.argiolus) were seen throughout the
district, and there were numerous reports of Clouded Yellows (C. croceus).
Several species of migrant Hawk-moths were recorded; a Humming-bird Hawk-moth (M.
stel latarum) laid eggs on the flower-buds of Red Valerian in my own garden.
This year's field meetings enjoyed good weather with one exception - the
Crockford meeting was conducted in gale-force winds which effectively pinned all
insects to the ground. A good number of Silver-studded Blues (P. argus) were
seen, but dragonflies remained hidden. The highlight of the Vernditch meeting was
the sighting of several valezina form of the female Silver-washed Fritillary (A.
paphia). The two moth trappings were very successful, producing a total of over
200 moths, covering 62 species.
Dr. Jeremy Thomas made a welcome return to the Society to give us full
information on the project to conserve and re-introduce the Large Blue. He has
been in charge of the project since the beginning, and explained the reasons for
the butterfly's decline, and its habitat requirements, and showed outstanding
slides of every stage of its complex life-cycle. Dr. Mash talked about
Dragonflies and Damselflies, and showed slides of species from Great Britain,
Spain, Africa and Canada. The other two lectures covered migrant butterflies and
moths in Britain, including the rarer Hawk -moths, and the life-cycles of some of
the moths associated with hedgerows, and those of marshy areas, such as the Fen
Wainscot (A. phragmitidis).
My grateful thanks to all those members who support both the talks and the field
meetings of this section.
EXRACTS FROM THE ENTOMOLOGICAL HISTORY OF THE B.N.S.S.
Throughout the years from its beginning up to the present day, the Bournemouth
Natural Science Society has had the good fortune to be associated with a
considerable number of people who have left their mark on the world of
Entomology. Some have been - or still are - members of the Society; others have
been connected with it either through donations to the museum collections or
contributions to its publications. There follow a few biographical notes on some
of these dedicated entomologists.
The first of these - and one whose presence dominates the museum today - is
George E.J. Crallan. Of Huguenot descent, he did have impressive ancestral
connections- his paternal grandmother belonged to the Arden family - as did the
mother of William Shakespeare. His profession was medicine. After studying at
Emmanuel College, Cambridge he trained at Addenbrooke ' s Hospital, Cambridge and
St. Bartholomew's Hospital in London, and after qualification he decided to
specialize in Psychiatry.
His interest in all aspects of Natural History led him to become a founder member
of Bournemouth and District Society of Natural History in 1903, and he rose
quickly to its highest office - that of President - a position which he occupied
from 1904-06. A distinguished-looking man with a luxuriant moustache, he was very
active in the Society's affairs. He gave lectures, served as Chairman of both the
Astronomical and Physical sections, and as Chairman of Entomology from 1935-36.
Another hobby was painting. He specialized in painting the eggs of butterflies
and moths, and for many years framed examples of his considerable talent hung in
the lecture hal 1 .
- 41 -
The museum received several donations from him, including a collection of exotic
molluscs, but the one which is most familiar to members today is the collection
of British Lepidoptera housed in two impressive cabinets at the eastern end of
the room. He formed a very comprehensive collection of British butterflies and
moths from all over the British Isles. Data labels indicate that although many
were captured in the field, a great many others were bred. Breeding Lepidoptera
is a specialised, time-consuming occupation, and one marvels at how he managed to
find the time in between his work and other interests. The two 40-drawer cabinets
are fashioned from oak. The larger of the two is elaborately carved and bears Dr.
Crallan's initials worked into the design. An examination of the underside of
drawer no. 40 reveals a fascinating episode in its construction. Written in ink
on the base of the drawer are the words: "This drawer is the plan made by John
Fowler the architect, builder and carver of this cabinet versus the design of
G.E.J. Crallan and E.C. Rogers Esq. which all the other drawers are made from,
and the said John Fowler believes it to be the best". The reader of this
heartfelt statement can still sense the frustration and defiance of the writer -
determined to make his point! The two cabinets were donated to the Society in
1922. Dr Crallan passed away in January 1944 at Crowborough, Sussex at the aqe of
Another of the Society's founder members whose name is familiar to all Dorset
entomologists was W. Parkinson Curtis. A Dorset man, born in Poole, he lived for
a time in Branksome Park, and finally in Parkstone. He worked in Bournemouth as a
solicitor with the firm Trevanion, Curtis and Ridley, which later became Buchanan
& Llewellyn, and it was he who in February 1906 drew up the agreement with Mr.
Thick for the Society to rent a room for its headquarters above Thick's Boot Shop
in Old Christchurch Road. He gave lectures to the Society, wrote entomological
notes for the Proceedings, and was a contributor to the Society's publication of
1914, "The Natural History of Bournemouth & District" for which he wrote the
entomological section, and in conjunction with his brother Harker Curtis, the
chapter on bird life. Also with his brother, he arranged and catalogued the
Batley Collection of birds' eggs. It took them a year of working 3-4 hours a week
to work through the 2000 eggs, and in recognition of this great effort the
Society elected him an Honorary Member in 1922.
Parkinson Curtis' entomological interest was centred solely on the Lepidoptera,
and in his younger days he went on many field trips with some of the other Dorset
entomological "greats" - Rev. D. Pickard-Cambridge, C.W. Dale and E.R. Bankes. As
he approached middle age, increasing deafness made life difficult, and he was
unable to attend the Society's meetings. His friend Eustace Bankes of Corfe
Castle had spent many years compiling a comprehensive list of the Dorset
Lepidoptera, but was unable to complete it due to a breakdown. The unfinished
manuscript was given to Parkinson Curtis who worked hard to finish it, adding his
own detailed records. The first two parts were published by the Society for
British Entomology as "A list of the Lepidoptera of Dorset", but the final part
unfortunately never progressed beyond manuscript form. He wrote many other papers
and notes for various entomological journals, took up nature photography,
including some early colour plate work, and specialised in the photomicrography
of Microlepidoptera genitalia. A fine landscape painter in oils, he was also a
very keen gardener, particularly interested in rhododendrons. He died on 26 June
Next, a look at two very notable entomologists who, though they were not members
of the Society, did contribute to it. Miss Ethel K. Pearce, who became known for
her work on Diptera (Flies). She, like Parkinson Curtis, contributed a chapter to
the Society's "Natural History of Bournemouth & District" - an account of the
Diptera, illustrated with photographs. She became an expert photographer, in fact
she was one of the pioneers of pnotographic guides to insects. Her "Typical
Flies, A Photographic Atlas of Diptera" was published by the Cambridge University
- 42 -
Press in 3 volumes between 1915 and 1928, and was highly acclaimed. In later life
she lived at Morden with her brother, also a Dipterist and good field naturalist,
and in 1932 the Entomologist's Monthly Magazine printed 2 articles by her - one
on the technique of insect photography and another entitled "A Dipterous Oasis"
about Morden Bog. She became very isolated in her later years; she became
increasingly deaf, then lost her sight, and died in January 1940, a few months
after the death of her brother.
Lt. Col. Frederick C. Fraser was one of the world's leading authorities on the
Dragonflies of the World. He studied medicine at Guy's Hospital, and after a few
years in private practice he joined the Army and served in the Medical Corps in
Mesopotamia during the Great War. He spent many years as Professor of Surgery at
the Madras University Medical School, and on his retirement in 1933 came to live
in Glenferness Avenue, Bournemouth. During his years in India he pursued his
passion for dragonflies and butterflies, and wrote nearly 100 articles for the
Proceedings of the Bombay Natural History Society. He also wrote 2 handbooks for
the Royal Entomological Society - Handbook of Odonata, and Handbook of Mecoptera,
Megaloptera and Neuroptera.
He was an excellent field entomologist. In 1831 the great Dorset entomologist
J.C. Dale, in the company of John Curtis from Norwich (author of the 16 volumes
of "British Entomology") discovered on Parley Heath a species of dragonfly which
he named Oxygastra curtisii in honour of his friend. This dragonfly - the Orange-
spotted Emerald - was not seen in that locality after 1878, but Lt. Col. Fraser 's
excellent field work uncovered it at the same site in 1925. A rather autocratic
man who would appear stern at times, he was a talented entomological artist whose
paintings illustrated many articles for the Bombay Natural History Society. His
meticulous paintings of Microlepidoptera are exceptionally fine. He helped found
the Society for British Entomology in 1934. His collection of dragonflies of the
world went to the British Museum of Natural History, and his collection of
Neuroptera and Allied Orders to the Hope Department of Entomology at Oxford, but
in 1945 he presented a collection of British dragonflies to the Bournemouth
Natural Science Society, and in 1952 he followed this with a drawer of
Neuroptera. Both these presentations are now housed in 3 drawers of the Crallan
Professor G.D. Hale Carpenter was Professor of Entomology at Oxford, where he
lived, specialising in the subject of mimicry and cryptic resemblance. He was
adamant that cryptic resemblance was not the same thing as camouflage. In his
view, "camouflage" indicated a conscious imitation of its surroundings by a
creature, whereas "cryptic resemblance" was merely an evolutionary state which
rendered protection. He also worked on the subject of butterflies being attacked
by birds and other predators, assessing the frequency and area of attack, damage
sustained by the victim, and rate of survival from such attacks. He was President
of 'the Bournemouth Natural Science Society 1938-39, and his Presidential Address
was "Mimicry in relation to other forms of Protective Coloration".
A man who is remembered by many members is Sqd. Ldr. Courtenay Banks, known to
his friends as "Monty". He began his flying career with the R.A.F. and then
Imperial Airways, which later became B.O.A.C. During the second World War he re-
joined the R.A.F. and served in the Middle East. Back with B.O.A.C. after the
War, he was soon appointed Regional Director, first for West Africa, based in
Lagos, then for the far East, based in Kuala Lumpur. These two appointments gave
him a marvellous opportunity to pursue a lifelong passion for the'Lepidoptera, of
which he formed a comprehensive collection. After his return from Malaya he lived
for a time in a small village in Dorset, where his night-time activities with a
Mercury vapour moth-trap caused great alarm amongst the villagers, who decided
that he was practising witchcraft and sent the Vicar to speak to him! He joined
the Society in 1967 and soon became Chairman of Entomology, a post which he held
- 43 -
death in 1982. He was President 1972-73, and his Presidential Address reflected
another facet of his wide-ranging expertise; "A short history of Ancient, Old
Antique and Antique Pile and Tapestry woven Oriental Textiles". In spite of
severe leg injuries sustained during the War he was extremely active and
energetic, and on many occasions members attending his field meetings were left
gasping miles behind. Although his temperament could be explosive, he had a well-
developed sense of humour, and was endlessly patient when explaining some aspect
of his many interests, which included most branches of Natural History. Botany
was a great favourite - he returned year after year to the mountains to
photograph alpine flowers, and members enjoyed many talks about Ben Lawers, the
Pyrenees and the Austrian Alps. His nature photography was outstanding, and after
his death Mrs Banks presented to the Society a collection of his colour slides of
Odonata, Alpine flowers of Ben Lawers, orchids, and butterflies.
Entomology, however, was the subject in which he made his greatest contribution.
He photographed virtually all the British dragonflies in their natural habitats,
and decided to mount an exhaustive search for the Orange-spotted Emerald
dragonfly (Oxygastra curtasii), not seen since 1964, to prove whether or not it
was truly extinct in this country. An excellent field entomologist, he spent
several seasons searching all the known localities for the insect, but without
success, and was forced to conclude that the species had been lost from this
area. Sqd. Ldr. Banks" most notable entomological successes were achieved during
the 3 years he spent in Malaya, when most of his spare time was occupied by the
study and collection of Lepidoptera. While moth-trapping at Maxwell's Hill he
took a moth of the family Notodontidae which was new to science, and which was
named after him - Phalera banksi.
His most concerted effort concerned that beautiful butterfly with iridescent
green feather-like markings on the velvety black forewings, the Swallowtail Rajah
Brooke's Birdwing (Trogonoptera brookiana albescens). This butterfly is rather
local in Malaya, and males are more often seen than females, which are much more
secretive, difficult to find, and fly mainly round the treetops. At the time when
Sqd. Ldr. Banks was in Malaya, the natural larval foodplant of this butterfly was
unknown and an egg had never been found in the wild. With typical Banks
determination he set out to remedy this situation. After 2 years of hard and
fruitless work he saw a female T. brookiana fluttering round a climber on a tree
in a forest clearing, and watched her lay a single egg on one of its leaves. With
great effort, and using branches and vines to fashion a ladder he managed to
reach the egg and photograph it. He took it back to his apartment where in due
course it hatched. By then the supply of leaves he had collected had withered,
and the botanists at the Botanical Gardens were unable to identify them beyond
the fact that they belonged to some species of Aristolochia. He drove the 60
miles back to the clearing and collected fresh leaves from the original plant,
which the young larva then obstinately refused to eat. In desperation he scoured
the area round Kuala Lumpur, collecting leaves from every species of Aristolochia
he could find, and offered the selection to the starving infant, which eventually
deigned to eat one particular species. The larva grew steadily, and when it was
almost fully grown, Sqd. Ldr. Banks had to go away on a 3 day inspection tour.
The cleaner who looked after his apartment was used to the succession of
livestock which he reared, and promised to look after the precious larva.
However, as soon as Sqd. Ldr. Banks had departed, the cleaner handed over his
duties to a friend and went off to his village to attend a wedding. The relief
worker arrived to tidy the apartment, saw a large caterpillar, and promptly
sprayed it with "Flit". Sqd. Ldr. Banks returned to find the result of 2 years
hard work lying dead on the floor of ics cage.
At the present time, the Society is very fortunate to have as a member Mr S.C.
Scarsdale Brown. He joined the Society in 1937, was Chairman of Entomology 1939-
48. After a few years away from the Society, he rejoined in 1967 and was
- 44 -
President 1975-76, the subject of his Presidential Address being "The Natural
History of Bournemouth 1800-1900". He edited the Proceedings from 1978-82 and is
now an Honorary Member. He has lived all his life in the Bournemouth area,
working as a Dental Practitioner. As a young man his interests centred on the
Macrolepidoptera. He met W. Parkinson Curtis, who became a life-long friend, and
joined the Society for British Entomology. There he met eminent entomologists
such as Lt. Cdr. Fraser and William Fassnidge. The latter introduced him to the
world of Microlepidoptera, at which he quickly became an expert, especially on
the group of tiny moths known as Nepticulidae. Mr Brown was one of the
contributors to the Illustrated Papers on British Microlepidoptera published in
1978 by the British Entomological and Natural History Society, his paper being
illustrated with the superb paintings of Lt. Col. Fraser. A meeting with Philip
Harwood - one of the finest field entomologists - further added to his interests.
Harwood concentrated on what are known to Lepidopteri sts as "Other Orders", i.e.
groups such as Coleoptera (beetles), Hemiptera (bugs) and Hymenoptera (bees and
wasps). Scarsdale Brown has studied all these groups, but has become one of the
country's leading specialists in Aculeate and Parasitic Hymenoptera. His
meticulous and painstaking fieldwork is illustrated by his work on the group of
Parasitic Hymenoptera known as Fairy Flies (family Mymaridae). This contains what
must be some of the world's smallest insects - one of the largest of the fairy
flies has a wingspan of only 3mm; they pass their larval stages inside the eggs
of other insects such as dragonflies. During the course of his study, he has
recorded 7 species of Mymaridae new to Britain. His collection of specimens is a
joy to behold - each fairy fly mounted in a microscope slide, and the tiny
Nepticulid moths perfectly set. Mr Brown is an excellent artist in watercolour,
and has contributed many notes to entomological magazines. Over the years the
members of the Society have heard some fascinating lectures from him on
Hymenoptera and other groups. In 1988 he received an award in the Manse 1-P leydel 1
Prize Essay Competition. In recent years he has suffered from failing eyesight,
which has prevented any of the entomological study he loves, but he still attends
some lectures of the Society, and maintains his own garden, where he specialises
in growing camellias and lilies.
The fact that only one of the seven people mentioned above was a professional
entomologist illustrates the valuable contributions to knowledge which can be
provided by the dedicated, enthusiastic amateur. The Bournemouth Natural Science
Society can be proud of its association with such notable people.
ZOOLOGY - MAMMALIA
Reptiles and Amphibians of Yugoslavia
Do Elephants Sing
Safari Experiences among Animals
Islands and Animal Life
Falklands Natural History
Quiz - Natural History
Christchurch Museum and Garden
Miss K.M. Bennetts
Miss K.M. Bennetts
Miss K.M. Bennetts
Miss K.M^ Bennetts
Miss K.M. Bennetts
Sir Rex Hunt C.M.G.
Mrs G. Obee
- 45 -
South Oakley Inclosure
Mrs M. Arnold
Sika and other Deer
Miss K.M. Bennetts
Quiz - Natural History
Miss K.M. Bennetts
N ov embe r
Miss M.W.S. Davis
My»c M ^ III nrl
l Y lr i r 1 . o . LU Flu
Beau lieu Area
Mrs M. Arnold
Miss E. Souter
Markway Inclosure Area
Miss M.W.S. Davis
Mrs M. Lund
Mrs M. Arnold
New Forest Natural History
Mrs M. Saunders
Wimborne Area Natural History
Miss N.L. Nicklen
Mrs A. Leonard
Miss E. Souter
Miss E. Whatoff
Hengistbury Head Natural History
Mrs M. Saunders
In February Mr Martin Noble, Head Keeper, New Forest gave an informative lecture
on Badgers. There are badger setts in the New Forest and other localities, which
have been occupied on and off for many years, possibly hundreds and may continue
to be used if left undisturbed. Badgers sometimes shift to new quarters half a
mile or so away in summer. Later on the badgers or a different clan are likely to
re-occupy the old sett. The tunnel systems of ancient setts may go down for many
metres and may spread out for a distance of 25 metres. Although badgers are
omnivorous, eating both animal and plant food, in Britain earthworms are by far
the most important food source. However in the New Forest earthworms are in short
supply and the acorns form an important additional food item. Badgers will dig in
the ground for cockchafers, snails and other small prey. In the autumn berries
and windfall apples are a supplementary diet.
In November Mr D.R. Bird of Poole Aquarium gave a lecture on Reptiles and
Amphibians of Yugoslavia. He visited, among other places, the National Park of
Plitvice. The Park lies in a mountainous area with 16 lakes and a series of
waterfalls and cascades. Heavy rain brought out huge numbers of Roman snails and
large black slugs. The European salamander (Salamandra salamandra) was found on
the edge of a stream and although the water was very cold a black specimen of the
grass snake (Natrix natrix) was found swimming underwater among Bogbean plants.
Also seen were Smooth Newt (Triturus vulgaris) and spectacular green lizards
(Lacerta virides), the males had blue throats and were seen together with the
Common Toad (Bufo bufo) basking in the sun in the woodland. Voles and Field Mice
were climbing among bushes. A few Nose Horned Vipers (Vipera anmodyle), a wall
lizard and a slow worm (Angris fragilis) with blue spots were in close proximity.
Sand lizards sported among heather and Tree Frogs (Hyla arborea) were heard but
not seen. It was interesting that Mr Bird should see amphibians and reptiles
very similar to those in Britain.
On October 26th a field meeting in the Sika Deer area was of exceptional interest
- 46 -
as the Camera Crew of 'Coast to Coast" television had asked to join the deer
stalking members which were Miss K.M. Bennetts (Leader) Mesdames, 0. Draper, P.
Andrews, H. Dickinson, N. Nic«len, R.Crane, Misses E. Souter, E. Whatoff, Messrs
G. Parkinson and J. Andrews. Sightings of deer were disappointing but special
features of terrain included passing places, wallows, fraying marks and
differentiation in size and shape of slots (footprints) of the species of deer.
It was a pouring wet 4 1/2 hour stalk, in spite of which the camera crew made
excellent recordings, but as is sometimes the case the deer, chiefly sika, did
not co-operate fully for one reason or another, However, members were thrilled to
see themselves on television. Leaders and localities of the deer stalks are
reported elsewhere in the Proceedings. The highest number on one occasion was 70,
mostly Fallow Dama dama, bucks, does and juveniles, but no specification as to
behaviour was witnessed. A natural history meeting in April at Pamphill near
Wimborne produced fallow and roe (Capreolus capreolus) and a badger sett (Meles
meles). The last stalk in September gave a mixed bag of large bucks, does and one
fallow doe accompanied by her very small fawn, unusually so for the time of year.
In March Mr Martin Noble escorted members on a walk in the New Forest to examine
a newly excavated pond for wildlife, near Brownhills Inclosure. During this
episode he talked at length on the habits of the Fallow deer (Dama dama), the
behavioural pattern between bucks and does. During this discourse there were
glimpses of 3 species of tits, Blue, Long tailed and Great, Tree Creepers and
Nuthatch. A newly hatched speckled wood butterfly and a small tortoi seshe 1 1 , just
out of hibernation interested us. The border of the New Forest and farmland in
this area had not been disturbed for a number of years, but marl pits had formed.
Marl is more alkaline than the usual acid soil of the New Forest. This was carted
away to spread over sandy acid soils to improve their texture and fertility.
Walking across Marlborough Deep it was interesting to watch two brook - lampreys
(lampetra planeri) excavating a shallow hollow in the gravel bed of a small
stream by vigorous sideways waving movements of their eel-like bodies. Later the
female would lay up to 1,200 eggs in this nest. We were also shown four species
of newt, Triturus vulgaris (smooth) Triturus helveticus (palmate) and
Triturus cri status (Great crested).
On August 23rd the Hengistbury Area was the venue. From the starting point at the
Saxon King the walk continued beyond the school and then to the North of the golf
course reaching to the Old Wick Lane track along which White Poplar, Tamarisk and
Buddleia had been planted as a shelter belt. Birds seen were Goldfinch,
Wheatears, Linnet, Spotted Flycatchers and Redstart. Butterflies spotted were
Grayling, Painted lady, Holly Blue, and Meadow Brown. A stop was made at the
Rangers Office to read the Wildlife Information. The walk progressed seawards
along Double Dykes to examine the Coast Protection and note the very rapid
erosion over the Head that had taken place during the last 150 years since the
removal of the Iron Stone 'Doggers*. The tide was high and as a precaution a
pre-col lection of shells from the beach had been made and was now set out for
identification. Striped Venus Striatula (Venus striatula), Prickley Cockle
(Cardium echineda), Grooved Razor (Solen marginatus), Common otter (Lutraria
lutraria), Common Limpet (Patella vulgaris), Thin Tellin (Tellin tenuim),
Variegated scallop (Chlamys varia) and Banded Carpet (Vemerupis saxatilis). After
a ten minute break, the walk followed the footpath to the Batters overlooking
the old nursery. This path has recently been cleaned revealing the regrowth of
Gantheria Shellon. The lilies on the Lily ponds were at their most beautiful.
The following dragonflies and damselflies were seen, Alshna Cyamea, Sympetnum
Striolatium, Ischnure elegans, Calonteryx vergo and Cerrogrion' tenel lim. The
walk continued in an eastward direction towards the top of Warren Hill near the
Palaeolithic site of 11,000 years ago, where Reindeer Hunters came from the rest
of Europe (no English Channel then) after the last Ice Age. Finally along the
water's edge we noted the following flora - Sea Rocket, Sea Aster, Sea Lavender,
Sea Arrow Grass, Common Orache and Bur Marigold.
- 47 -
In June Sir Rex Hunt, former Governor of the Falklands gave an illuminating
account of the Islands, illustrated by excellent slides, chiefly on wildlife.
The Islands lie west of Argentina, about 350 miles from the nearest point of
South America and occupy 4700 sq. miles in entirety. There are two main islands,
East and West Falkland separated by the Falkland Sound, besides which there are
approximately 200 smaller islands. Stanley is the capital with an approximate
population of 1800 people. On the Islands the number of sheep far exceeds that of
the people, many of whom are reliant upon their valuable wool yield. Animal life
is varied and numerous with many different habitats - sea, cliffs, sandy and
rocky beaches, pools and lakes, to meet the needs of food, nests and breeding. I
will endeavour to name as many as space will allow.
There are 5 species of penguins, the commonest ones being Rockhoppers, Magellan
or Jack Ass so called because of its ass-like call, and Gentoos. The Magellans
build their nests deep underground which gives their eggs greater protection from
marauding skuas and gulls. They have most distinctive plumage on head and neck,
black and white markings. The Gentoos are found in huge concentrations in and
around the islands up to three miles from the beach, along which they wander
regimental -fashion studying any dark object in the water which may prove to be a
shark, before entering the sea. King penguins are rare and Macaroni associates
with colonies of Rockhoppers.
There are many pools, fresh water, and lakes to provide necessary water for
drinking and bathing to help clean their feathers of salt water. These ponds are
frequented by Flightless and Flying Steamer ducks, Crested Patagonian Duck,
Silver Grebe, Dotterel, White Rumped Sandpipers and Kelp Goose. The Upland Goose
is unpopular with farmers because of its damage to young re-sown grass, but
popular as making a relief of diet from 365 day mutton! Sandy and rocky beaches
are frequented by Rock and King Shags and belts of tussock grass up to a height
of 10ft often provide cover for Sealions, Fur and Elephant Seals. The latter is
the largest seal with a body length up to 17ft. The name elephant is accounted
for by its elephant-like proboscis which during the rut can be inflated to
several feet and curves into its mouth and has the function of serving as a
resonator to increase the volume of the bulls' rutting roar. The attractive
Black-browed Albatross, common on many islands, is seen nesting on clay-like 1ft
high pedestals to brood the single egg by each parent in turn. Predatory birds
such as Turkey Vulture are seen in Mt William area. Caracara or Johnny Rook, Gt.
Skua and Giant Petrel, both habitual egg and chick stealers, also stalk penguin
Sir Rex did not neglect the smaller birds of open heath and mentioned the Grass
Wren, typical of wrens world wide, Military starling or Meadow lark, with
startling red breast, and the Falkland Thrush, resembling the female British
Blackbird. He named many more avian and mammalian fauna, unfortunately too many
to enumerate in this report.
He also spoke of the Cathedral, not yet 100 years old but in dire need of
expensive repairs, no doubt the exigencies of war were partly responsible. He
told his audience that the Duchess of York was interested in the Cathedral's
funding. Sir Rex earned loud applause for the quality of his lecture and it is
hoped he will make a return visit.
In concluding this report I wish to record my thanks to members, who at short
notice, stood in for me to complete my scheduled programme. I also wish to thank
Mr Graham Wilson and his colleagues for projecting my slides.
K. Milner Bennetts
- 48 -
ZOOLOGY - ORNITHOLOGY
Birds can be a nuisance
John Elgood, M.A.
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Two R.S .P.B. Films
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Radipole Lake and Lodmoor
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Shipstal Point, Arne
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Titchfield Haven Nature Reserve
Miss G . Hayba 1 1
South Haven Peninsula
Ripley Village and Sop ley
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Farlington Marshes (Cancelled due
to storms) Mrs L.M. Maddox
Mrs J. Butt
Upton Country Park
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Mrs M. Saunders
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Sherford Bridge for Nightjars
John Lockwood and
Mrs M. Evelyn
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Mrs J. Butt
Little Wootton Inclosure
Mrs M. Saunders
Morning walk on Talbot Heath
Mrs M. Evelyn
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Mrs L.M. Maddox
Once again our first Field Meeting for the period of this Report was to Radipole
Lake and Lodmoor near Weymouth on 10th October. The area of mud at Radipole was
small on this occasion as the water level was unusually high, so that such waders
- Greenshank, Godwit, Snipe etc, that we saw were on the marsh at Lodmoor,
although we did find Bearded Tits amongst the reeds at Radipole. Little Egret
and Spoonbill were in Poole Harbour during the winter and we saw both from the
hide at Shipstal Point, Arne on 9th November.
With two mild winters in succession the Dartford Warbler is doing 'well and we had
excellent views of two pairs on the moorland at Beaulieu Road in November on a
fine and sunny day. Miss Gwen Hayball led a party to Titchfield Haven Nature
Reserve on 8th December and we were taken to 4 hides overlooking the marsh where
we had splendid views of a Kingfisher and an uncommon little bird - the
Firecrest, which was wintering there in the trees. We saw little Egret and
- 49 -
Spoonbill again in Poole Harbour near the South Haven Peninsula on 12th December
and they were joined by an Avocet also wintering there.
In late January came the hurricane type winds which swept Britain causing so much
damage. We ventured to Badbury Rings on 2nd February to find many of the beeches
down, but saw a Brambling flying round one of the fallen trees.
A new venue for this Section was Upton Park which has a large hide overlooking
the back of Poole Harbour. We noticed a flock of Redwing on the grass and a big
flock of Black Tailed Godwit on the mud of the harbour. This was in early March.
Our first Wheatear of the spring appeared at Keyhaven on 23rd March and by 27th
April on a fine sunny day at Durlston there were Garden Warblers, Whitethroat,
Chiffchaff, Common Tern, a Cuckoo and Swallow and Sand Martins on the downs. We
were again fortunate at Martin Down. On 10th May we listened to 4 Nightingales,
all singing together apparently in competition for territory.
Mr John Lockwood met us again at Sherford Bridge on 1st June at 9 p.m. and our
small party heard and saw a number of Nightjars displaying in the plantation on a
fine still evening. Mrs Margaret Evelyn once more took a morning meeting over
Bourne Bottom on Talbot Heath in July. Unfortunately although there are several
pairs of Dartford Warblers nesting there we did not see or hear any that day
possibly due to the very hot and dry weather which had started by then.
Whimbrel and Little Stint were on Stanpit Marsh on 16th August and Yellow Wagtail
and Wheatear were gathering for migration. Our meeting at Keyhaven on 30th August
was memorable for the sight of a Hobby hunting over the marshes and a Curlew
Sandpiper in one of the pools.
An otherwise rather unproductive Field Day at Durlston Country Park on September
18th. ended splendidly with the sight of 2 Peregrine Falcons, a hen and tiercel,
hunting along the cliffs at the same time as a Gannet appeared fishing out at
sea. The final meeting of this season at Oberwater in the New Forest gave us the
rare spectacle of a Honey Buzzard soaring over our heads.
John Elgood treated us to an interesting and thought provoking lecture in January
on "Birds can be a nuisance" and in March Mr D.A. Boag brought his splendid
slides and talked to us about the Kingfisher.
We had an informal meeting in the Museum in July on Bird Recognition, and two
excellent R.S.P.B. films at the end of September.
We do welcome new Members to our Field Meetings and I am so grateful to all
Members who have helped me by leading Field Meetings and generally supporting
- 50 -
Local Record List of Birds of Particular Interest
Gannet (Sula bassana) 18 September, Durlston
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) 9 November, Shipstal Pt. Arne
12 December, S. Haven Peninsula and 30 August, Keyhaven
Spoonbill - 2 (Platalea leucordia) 9 November, Shipstal Pt. Arne
Honey Buzzard (Pernis apirorus) 28 September, Oberwater
Hobby (Falco subbuteo) 30 August, Keyhaven
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) 27 April and 18 September (pr) Durlston
Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) 16 August, Stanpit
Common Sandpiper (Tringa hypoleucos) 17 July, Bourne Bottom
Little Stint (Calidris minuta) 16 August, Stanpit
Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris testacea) 30 August, Keyhaven
Ruff (Phi lomacus pugnax) 8 December, Titchfield
Avocet (Recurvi rostra avosetta) 12 December, S. Haven Peninsula
Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus) 1 June, Sherford Bridge
Nightingale - 4 (Luscinia megarhynchos ) 10 May, Martin Down
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos minor) 28 September, Oberwater
Dartford Warbler (Sylvia undata) 24 November, Beaulieu Road
Wood Warbler (Phyl loscopus sibilatrix) 5 June, Beaulieu Road
Firescrest (Regulus ignicapillus) 8 December, Titchfield
Spotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa striata) 11 September, Ninebarrow Down
Water Pipit (Anthus spinoletta) 23 March, Keyhaven
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) 2 February, Badbury Rings
- 51 -
Slides from Gal loway
T.P. Whieldon B.Sc.
Feathers, Flowers and Foliage
W.J. Whitsed F.R.S.A
New Members 1 Day
Thoughts about Furniture
From Burg to Berg. A look at
Mrs G. Obee
Round the Garden at No. 39
Glass and Glassware
Talks by Members on books which have
Twelve new members were welcomed in January and old and new members were shown
around the garden in June.
The excellent slide shows by Mr Whieldon, Mr Whitsed and Mr Andrews taught us
about Galloway, some aspects of Natural History and Germany. In my absence Mrs
Obee chaired the Members' slide afternoon in May.
Members enjoyed the informal atmosphere of the poetry and books afternoons and
also of the furniture and glass ones when after short talks by the Chairman they
were able to show and talk about their possessions. The April quiz was on the
names of rivers.
My thanks are due to all who have taken part, space does not allow of individual
Eight new books were purchased and added to our collection during the past year
and 43 donated books have also enlarged our Lending Section. All these donations
and other publications passed on to the Society are greatly appreciated.
Work has continued with the repair of books from the Reference Library plus
refurbishment of "Sowerby's" English Botany collection of 12 volumes. These were
in particularly bad condition with loose pages and plates but are now in a usable
condition and the repairs have of course greatly increased their value.
Once again, as Hon. Librarian, I wish to express my personal thanks to all the
voluntary helpers and members of the Library Committee who between them continue
to keep the Library available to Members.
John Ruston, a life member of the Society since 1970, died on 9th March. One of
England's most formidable antiquarian booksellers, he took over Commins, the
bookshop that was in Old Christchurch Road, in 1954 until his retirement in 1981.
He re-valued the books in the Society's library for insurance and was
instrumental in the renovation of books that were deteriorating in the reference
R.E. Harwood Hon. Librarian
- 52 -
This has been a particularly active year for the Museum Committee, with many plans
under consideration for the restoration and conservation of important items, and
plans for the future include the re-siting of various archaeology and history
Among the new members welcomed to the Committee during the year have been the
Revd. F.W. King, the new Chairman of Physics and Chemistry, and Mr Tony Westrap as
deputy Chairman of Archaeology and History, and their reports appear elsewhere in
these Proceedings. Also Mr Bob George (no relation to the Chairman of the Museum
Committee) whose interest in Siphonaptera (fleas) was demonstrated at the Open Day
in September. Mr George is a specialist in his particular field, and is in much
demand national ly.
For the Open Day in September, it had been decided to change the day from Saturday
to Wednesday, to change the location of some of the exhibits and to increase the
number of directional notices to help our visitors. Such was its success that it
has been proposed to repeat these arrangements next year.
The Museum Registration Scheme introduced by the Area Museum Council for the South
West (AMCSW) has been discussed and is reported elsewhere in the Proceedings. Our
membership of the AMCSW has brought its benefits; the Geology Collection has been
the subject of a Special Report from the AMCSW, as has the Heywood Sumner Frieze
from the Archaeology Room, currently being examined prior to treatment by the Area
Council in Bristol. Because of our membership of the AMCSW, we were invited to
attend the Autumn Meeting of the South Western Federation of Museums and Art
Galleries in October. About 80 members from all over the South-West were present,
making possible useful contacts, and the meeting included a tour of the railway
museum at Swindon and a visit to the Transport Collection at Wroughton, the
outstation of the Science Museum, which was opened especially for the occasion.
During the year, Museum Committee members have attended regional meetings of the
Dorset Museums Association (DMA), thus taking the opportunity of visiting small
community museums at Lyme Regis, Blandford, Wareham etc., and taking advantage of
the excellent talks given on each occasion. Following a very successful evening
picnic at the Red House Museum, Christchurch, in June, in spite of heavy rain, a
similar event is to be held here on the evening of the 7th June 1991, creating a
social occasion when members of the DMA can meet some of our members and perhaps
be taken round our premises.
Mr Tom Craig, the new DMA Museums Advisor for Dorset, has already visited us and
we look forward to our further association with him.
- 53 -
PUBLICATIONS AND PERIODICALS RECEIVED
The following publications were received in the Library during the year. Some of
them were gifts from members who subscribe personally to the particular Society.
The Library Committee are glad to record their appreciation of such gifts.
Alpine Garden Society Bulletin
Birmingham Natural History and Philosophical Society - Proceedi ngs
Botanical Society of the British Isles - Watsonia. Proceedings
Bristol Naturalists' Society - Proceedi ngs
California Academy of Sciences - Proceedings
Cambridge Antiquarian Society - Proceedings
Council for British Archaeology - Newsletter
Dorset Trust for Nature Conservation - Newsletter
Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society - Proceedings
Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society - Proceedi ng s
Hertford Natural History Society - Transactions " —
National Geographic Magazine
National Trust - Newsletter
Royal Horticulture Society - "Gardens" .
Senckenberg ische Naturf orschende Gesellschaft - "Natur und Museum"
Societe Jersaise - Annual Bulletin
Torquay Natural History Society - Transactions and Proceedings
Upsala University, Sweden - Acta Phytogeograph ica 1 Suecica
Zoological Society of London.
- 54 -
LIST OF PRESIDENTS (1903 - 1990)
1903- 04 J.E.Beale (Mayor of Bournemouth)
1904- 06 G.E.J.Crallan, MA, M.B., M.R.C.S.
1906- 07 H.J.Waddington, F.LS.
1907- 09 A.Ransome, MA, M.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.S.
1909- 10 A.Smith Woodward, D.Sc, F.R.S., F.L.S., P.G.S.
1910- 11 Dukinfield H.Scott, M.A., LI.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S.
1911- 13 Sir E.Ray Lankester, K.C.B., MA, LI.D., F.R.S., F.LS.
1913-16 Sir Daniel Morris, K.C.M.G., J. P., MA, D.Sc, D.C.L, F.L.S.
1916- 17 The Rt.Hon. the Earl of Malmesbury, D.L, J,P.
1917- 18 Sir Jethro J.H.Teale, MA, D.Sc, LI.D., F.R.S.
1918- 20 Field Marshall Lord Grenfell of Kilvey, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., LI.D., F.SA
1920- 21 Lt.Col. Sir David Pram, C.M.G., CLE., F.R.S.
1921- 23 F.G.Penrose, M.D., F.R.C.P., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U.
1923- 24 Sir F.W.Keeble, K.B.E., D.Sc, F.R.S.
1924- 26 Hubert Painter, B.Sc, F.C.S.
1926-28 Heywood Sumner, F.SA.
1928- 29 Claude Lyon
1929- 30 Professor F.O.Bower, D.Sc, F.R.S.
1930- 31 Henry Bury, MA, F.LS., F.G.S.
1931- 32 Dukinfield H.Scott, MA, LI.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S.
1932- 33 J.P.Williams-Freeman, M.D.
1933- 34 Rev.F.C.R.Jourdain, MA, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U.
1934- 35 Sir F.W.Dyson, K.B.E., MA., D.Sc, LI.D., F.R.S., F.R.A.S.
1935- 36 Henry Bury, M.A., F.L.S., F.G.S.
1936- 37 Sir Harold Carpenter, MA, D.Sc, F.R.S.
1937- 38 Professor John Cameron, M.D., D.Sc, F.R.S.E.
1938- 39 Professor G.D.Hale Carpenter, M.B.E., D.M., F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.R.E.S.
1939- 40 W.G.Aitchison Robertson, M.D., D.Sc, F.R.C.P., F.R.S.E.
1940- 41 Rev.Professor M.C.Potter, MA, D.Sc, F.L.S.
1941- 42 Inst.-Capt.M.A.Ainslie, R.N., MA, F.R.A.S.
1942- 43 William C.Simmons, B,Sc, A.R.C.S., F.G.S.
1943- 44 Professor S.Mangham, M.A.
1944- 45 A.S.Hemmy, B.A., M.Sc
1945- 46 J.F.N.Green, BA, F.G.S.
1946- 47 Lt.-Col.CD.Drew, D.S.O., F.SA.
1947- 48 W.J.Woodhouse, A.C.P.
1948- 49 Edward Hindle, M.A., D.Sc, F.R.S., F.Z.S.
1949- 50 Mrs.W.Boyd Watt, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U.
1950- 51 Professor Sir RAPeters, M.C, MA, M.D., F.R.S.
1951- 52 Ernest Chambers, F.L.S.
1952- 53 F.Williamson, F.R.Hist.S.
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